What tragedy kept secret in the USSR
Now, we have a web from which nothing can not be concealed, but in Soviet times was as follows: if the newspaper did not write - people neither hearing nor the spirit. Therefore, quite often it happens that people learned about the events of the federal level after many years.
Mass crowd in "Luzhniki"
In the end of a football match between the Moscow "Spartak" and the Dutch "Haarlem" in the UEFA Cup, which was held at the Central Lenin Stadium October 20, 1982, he broke out the worst tragedy in the history of Soviet sport. Spartacus learned about it the next day on the coach, and all the rest - only seven years later.
"Spartacus" won 1: 0, and in a few minutes before the end of the game shivering fans reached the exit. According to witnesses, law enforcement ministers opened on the platform C, where there are almost all the spectators, only one of the four gates. At some point on the stairs girl fell, someone stopped to help her, and the people behind pressed forward - began crowding.
How to trouble at this time Sergei Shvetsov scored scored the second goal. Many have moved back to the stands, and the situation got absolutely nightmarish turn. As a result, in a stampede killed 66 fans, most of them - young people.
A monument to those killed in the territory of "Luzhniki", delivered to the 10th anniversary of the tragedy.
Newspapers wrote about the match, but the tragedy did not say a single word. Only the "Evening Moscow" in the last two lines of the band announced the "accident", which resulted in the "hurt people." About stampede told the media already under Gorbachev. Relatives of the victims believe that the victims were much more than 66.
The collapse of the Moscow metro escalator
February 17 the same year at the station "Aviamotor" rush hour because of improper maintenance jumped railing of one of the escalators and stairs, accelerated under the weight of the passengers, flew down. Neither the worker nor the emergency brake did not work properly.
The escalator on "Aviamotor" today. The tragedy happened on the far right side of the escalator.
Many in panic rushed up the stairs, when confronted with those who are trying to stay on his feet. People began to fall at the bottom of the new dam. Someone tried to move to a nearby escalator, but the plastic coating does not resist and snapped. Several people fell through the balustrade. The driving mechanism is only drowned out by hand in two minutes.
In a stampede killed eight people, 30 seriously injured. Short message the next day just published all the same "Evening Moscow". It looked like this:
Due to the fact that the tragedy is not covered by the media, it is overgrown with fictitious details and turned into a bloody slaughter, but actually was not.
The disaster at Baikonur
In October 1960, at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in preparation for a test launch exploded ballistic P-16. This happened due to the fact that the site was taken frankly unfinished missile. The Soviet leadership Customized developers in connection with the aggravation of the Cold War, plus, according to tradition, had to boast a faster pace of work on the anniversary of the October Revolution.
F-16, put on the launcher.
The explosion occurred terrifying. According to various estimates, were burned alive between 70 and 120 people, including Commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces Marshal Mitrofan Nedelin sitting in a bunker, just some few meters from the base of the rocket.
Movie camera captured a terrible picture: the rocket circles spread flame waves of fire jumped and ran in all directions, burning like torches, people. Some reaches the fence of barbed wire and hung limply at her.
The moment of explosion.
the tragedy of the data immediately classified. And to somehow explain the death of Commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, have invented a kind of a plane crash in which Nedelin allegedly killed. It was buried with military honors at the Kremlin wall, the other victims - secretly in the cemeteries of different cities in a mass grave at Baikonur. the public domain, this case was only after the Soviet collapse.
Taran residential building in Novosibirsk
In the early morning September 26, 1976 23-year-old pilot of civil aviation Vladimir Serkov stole from the local airfield An-2 plane, circled over the city at low altitude and suddenly pointed it directly at residential five-storey building. As it turned out, the psychopath was aiming at the apartment on the third floor, where the parents of his wife lived and where she had left him, taking the year-old son. Fortunately, no one was in the apartment.
"maize" crashed into the house at a speed exceeding 150 km per hour, the punched hole between the third and fourth floor in the staircase area, its front end with a screw and the motor has flown into one of the flats. Serkov was killed, but most of the strike no one was hurt. A woman and three children were killed due to the ensuing fire.
Khrushchev quickly restored, and the incident itself classified. About him never officially reported, instead, the city crept ominous rumors - whether it is unprecedented in the USSR the terrorists, or the terrible political action. In the end, this story would have turned into the bike, and the witnesses would be considered nuts, if not declassified at the beginning of zero KGB archives.
The death of the cosmonaut Bondarenko
24-year-old Valentin Bondarenko was one of the candidates for the first ever human space flight. In the Soviet cosmonaut who are willing to fly on the spaceship "Vostok", he was the youngest and at the end of the training was the fourth in the list.
But three weeks before the start of the historic Bondarenko died tragically during a test in surdobarokamere. It happened on the 10th day of the 15th, he had to spend alone in a hermetically sealed chamber with low pressure and high levels of oxygen.
Photo of other trial participants.
After one of the medical tests Bondarenko rubbed biosensors secure place on the body with an alcohol swab and accidentally dropped it. Vata hit on a hot spiralevuyu tiles and broke. Flames immediately spread throughout the room saturated with oxygen.
German Titov, understudy Gagarin during training in the isolation chamber.
Due to the large pressure difference the door could be opened only half an hour. With 80% of the body burns Valentine was taken to hospital, where doctors for eight hours fighting for his life. According to them, all the time Gagarin was at the bedside of a friend until he died.
Everything that is connected with the cosmos, the state kept a closely guarded secret. The death of Bondarenko is not just hidden - it erased from group shots of the first group. Print only acknowledged the death of an astronaut in 1986. At the grave Bondarenko Kharkiv until it has been written: "Blessed memory of fellow pilots." And then I added a postscript: "... -kosmonavtov the USSR."