Can not trust anyone, especially in a movie
The logic of life strongly suggests that there is no more reliable source of information than the full-length story witnesses to the incident.
Of course, all the details, they can not remember where some of the data may differ from the impenetrable facts, fixed cameras, chronometers, these cell towers and satellites, but in general, an eyewitness - this is the pillar on which rests the credibility the layman. But the film, as befits the art, is open to provocation, breaks stereotypes and breaks patterns - when watching a movie we can not be sure that the narrator in the frame-by-frame or lead the viewer to the truth.
Perhaps evidence "kinoochevidtsev" confuse you more than it would be able to make the notorious liars - but so interesting and such a movie, because after the ensuing suddenly want to look at the final event in view of newly discovered circumstances. Leaving aside the false fear of spoilers, we remember some of the most striking films in which the narrator has appeared in a variety of reasons not such a sincere person with the audience.
Franz - "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" (1920)
Start a journey into the world of hoaxes and fraud worth a picture, in many ways defined the vector of development, not only of several genres, but also the visual language of cinema in general - with the mystical thriller Robert Wiene "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari". Work with make-up and decorations, plot twists and the ability to whip up the atmosphere, you can disassemble the long and hard, but now we are only interested in the final trick of the German producer. After a long and largely disjointed story of the protagonist of Franz about his expedition to the fair, the familiarity with Caligari and his somnambulist, his friend's death and the kidnapping of his bride the viewer comes to the disappointing conclusion: a young man, then, it seems to be mad. And sure enough, Franz put a straitjacket, his girlfriend is also no different prudence, the story turns into a delirium of a madman. But ... But the director of the clinic was too similar to the title of Dr. Caligari. So what's in this story is true and what nonsense? Decide for yourself.
The woodcutter and other witnesses - "Rashomon" (1950)
A brilliant drama of Akira Kurosawa's "Rashomon" gives us not one unreliable narrator, and once four. Device used by the Japanese master, was subsequently used repeatedly, but the tape will pave the way to the rest of the world cinema of Japan, it was the first in which the same event is shown from several points of view expressed by different people. The value of "Rashomon" is still in the fact that each of the four stories designed to give an explanation of volume crime is incomplete, false or biased. Rogue, his wife, the spirit of the murdered samurai - each brings its history, their motives, their views on the concept of justice and retribution, but the woodcutter, a man seemingly disinterested, becomes involved in a story full of lies and betrayal. All four speak warmly and sincerely, but - and this is the genius Kurosawa and "Rashomon effect" - believe the viewer can not nobody. But this movie just won!
Roger Kint - "The Usual Suspects" (1995)
If the movie something of us and taught for their century-long history, so it is in any case not to trust people with "talking" moniker - and "The Usual Suspects," Bryan Singer's another proof. The plot of a detective pattern built on the testimony of petty gangster fry, half paralyzed swindler named talker, and he has something to tell - he witnessed a powerful crime boss Kaiser Souza, staged a real massacre in America, clashes between gangs. To some extent Quinta we even pity - he is a nobody, his participation in the crimes is insignificant, their chatter he's just trying to get out of trouble. But the Kaiser seems cob, sort Moriarty today, brutal and merciless. And always very smart, to calculate the actions of all participants of the "game" ten steps ahead. So he will, calculating manipulator, able to avoid arrest, the true face of the viewer is aware only in the final frames where the talker is rapidly moving away from the interrogation room, he suddenly loses all signs of his serious illness.
Fred and Pete - "Lost Highway" (1997)
We agree to use the current selection of films by David Lynch - is a blow below the belt, he can take any movie, and you are sure to find it confusing mismatch indications and heroes of stories, they are bound to mystical transformations and mysterious mental journey, from them you will never be able to make a clear, smooth, consistent storyline. All the films of Lynch - the road from nowhere to nowhere. But we decided nevertheless to focus on one of his paintings - on "Lost Highway", a psychological thriller, tight intertwining lives of several people. The two main characters of this film was originally living in the two non-overlapping realities, but at the point of bifurcation, by coincidence, is located in a prison cell, the authors reduce Fred Madison and Pete Daytona together, although the viewer can hardly be said that from what they saw is real, and that - fiction. Pete's story or the story of Fred is the main line of the story? With movies Lynch in what can not be sure until the end.
Malcolm Crowe - "The Sixth Sense" (1999)
Fantastic for its unexpectedness final twist mystical thriller M. Night Shyamalan's "The Sixth Sense" has "sucked" from all sides by thousands of critics, scholars and film theorists, but the focus here lies not only in the announcement of Dr. Malcolm Crowe dead, but in that mocks the viewer director constantly throws us a clue, but we remain blind. Reconsider movie - after firing his patient Crowe with anyone except Cole, does not communicate directly. Even in scenes where the doctor seemed to interact with his wife and clients, he seemed absent. Can we trust the stories of the dead man? Obviously not. But before declaring their distrust, it is worth to believe the unbelievable - our protagonist is more dead than alive.
The narrator - "Fight Club" (1999)
On the poster "Fight Club" watch Edward Norton and Brad Pitt at us - whether someone could assume that the characters of these two actors actually will be one person? One of the most famous in the history of cinematography examples of so-called "unreliable narrator" for a long time makes the audience follow a certain neutrality - the leading narrator does not even have a name, he speaks of himself in the abstract, constantly shifting the focus on the colorful Tyler Durden, a vibrant anarchist carrying violence and chaos . But for the final viewer is taken aback fantastic discovery: we are seeing is not the merging of two dissimilar characters, and the splitting of the personality of a person. The hardest thing is to take himself to the hero of Edward Norton - it's something he has always been convinced that knows itself inside out and is not capable of anything that is outside the corporate ethics, the IKEA catalogs and traditional entertainment. But chronic insomnia work wonders and turns you into something you never dreamed yourself to see - in the Brad Pitt in a fur coat over his naked body.
Patrick Bateman - "American Psycho" (2000)
to what has happened to the hero of the film "American Psycho," you can walk from two points of view. On the one hand, the director of the film, Mary Herron from the start puts Patrick Bateman sadist and a psychopath, the viewer is left not the slightest doubt that crazed yuppies do not part with an ax. But on the other hand, the author of the novel from which the scenario, Bret Easton Ellis shows great subtlety in describing events from his book should rather conclude that Bateman crimes are his hallucinations and wet dreams. The film, by the way, a couple of times gives up the slack and "blurts" that the murder did not actually and real - for example, one of my colleagues Patrick says he saw his victim much later after a "hatchet job", and in the final phrase sounds that "recognition of Patrick's worth nothing." Perhaps the violence shown in the film does not really matter, and the audience together with the main character finds himself in a bloody dream world.
Leonard Shelby - "Remember" (2000)
Suffering from amnesia Leonard, the protagonist of the thriller "Remember" by Christopher Nolan, is not able to keep in mind that whatever fifteen minutes longer. But the desire to understand the motives and find those responsible for the death of his wife makes the hero act trivial - it reserves to itself or clues in the form of tips taken on Polaroid, either in the form of tattoos on his own body. "Do not believe his lies" - says the most important of the tips of Leonard Shelby, but who she really, we do not know until the very end. Christopher Nolan - a master of intricate plots and unexpected climaxes and ambiguous interpretations, but even compared to the "beginning" and "The Dark Knight" "Remember" stands out a turn of the plot, after which the viewer realizes that Leonard was not so innocent and noble angry as It appears at the beginning. The final scenes detective flipped upside down and show a unique trick, after which the whole original meaning crumbles into dust, and the tape becomes a completely different story.
Sam Bell - "Moon 2112" (2009)
The protagonist fi drama "Moon 2112" Duncan Jones - the man who eagerly waits for the termination of the employment contract under which he must spend alone on the moon three years, engaged in technical support and monitoring of the mining complex. Sam solitude brightens only void of understanding with the robot so video calls to his wife, waiting with his little daughter astronaut with his job. But Sam does not realize that the three-year contract - three years of his life, and he was - just a clone of a real astronaut Bella. The unreliability of his memories and what is happening outside the lunar module pops up after meetings with other counterparts and confusion with messages from Earth - is a clone control is easier and cheaper, and the current Sam - and not the first, did not seem to last. But can we believe everything we see on the screen? Alas, but the main character - not the unique person who first appears, it is only part of the consciousness and memory of genuine Sam Bell.
Teddy Daniels - "Shutter Island" (2010)
Frankly, the final trick "This is from the very beginning was you," or "Actually, you are crazy, who is being held in a mental hospital" - one of the most hackneyed and trite tricks in the film. It is one thing to make a film, wallowing in clichés, the other - to create, re reinventing the genre, as did Martin Scorsese in "Shutter Island." Almost until the very end the audience pictures are in an iron certainty that Teddy Daniels - a federal marshal service, who came to the hospital for the criminally insane to investigate the disappearance of a patient. But is it really all that simple? Gloomy hospital corridors and rooms, surly staff and cruel, crazy, speaking clearly less than what they know - all this creates a unique atmosphere in which everything seems unreal, every detail has several dimensions, only visible under certain angles. Yes, as a result of Scorsese and DiCaprio came to those mentioned in the first lines of formulas, but how it was done! Delicately told story, in which faith is not any of the characters.
Simon Newton - "Trans" (2013)
Use a blind person in a crime - a neat trick, which can afford to use only the most sophisticated villains are important serious organization, you need to consider all the options and be prepared for any eventuality. Heroes thriller "Trans" Danny Boyle's plan and carry out a daring robbery, carry straight from the auction expensive painting. But here's the problem - involved in concealing stolen Simon a blow on the head forgets the location of the trophy. After a few sessions of hypnotherapy picture begins to clear, but if the criminals can believe what the auctioneer says the former? Is not he the victim of someone else's manipulation? By the final picture, viewers will learn that pulled the strings of characters it is the doctor-hypnotist - she actually led the operation, infiltrating the mind of Simon. But the rest of the characters in the film is not as pure thoughts as it may seem - they all operate on a single bidding without realizing their addiction.
Nick and Amy - "Vanished" (2014)
The history shown in the film, David Fincher's "The Lost", has two main layers, but in none of them the viewer can not trust the main character a hundred percent. First, we see Nick Dunne, who has lost her husband, but not too much about it upset if at first as a modest response can be attributed to the shock, the then audiences are increasingly convinced that the hero is the disappearance of the hands, it is even happy to happy to it coincidence. The situation is developing very fast liking to Nick spectator turn hatred, we are almost convinced that he killed Amy. But Amy is not dead. Moreover, she is the main driving force behind the events unfolding around her hubby, even being far away from the epicenter of the storm. By the final picture, we do not know who in this tangle of snakes can be trusted, the two main characters look dangerous sociopaths capable at worst.