Curious about Stakhanov
• Curious about Stakhanov
'82 ago, August 31, 1935, the miner Alexei Stakhanov exceeded the daily norm of coal production by 14 times, which was the beginning of the Stakhanovite movement.
A November 14, 1935 in the Moscow Kremlin hosted the first meeting of the All-Union Stakhanovite, which emphasized the important role of the Stakhanovite movement in socialist construction. At the same meeting it sounded Stalin's phrase, which later became winged: "Life has become better, comrades. Life has become merrier. "
We picked up interesting facts and rare photographs from the "gay" life Stakhanovite workers in the USSR 30-ies.
In August 1935, the Donetsk miner Alexei Stakhanov (right in photo) set a world record for the extraction of coal, 5 hours and 45 minutes of having produced 102 tons, which exceeded the average daily production rate of 14 times. Even given the fact that the Stakhanov helped two timber-man, it was really a great achievement, which caused great interest in our country and abroad. American University of Lincoln Stakhanov requested to send your picture to attach it to the signed photographs and original letters of great men; Donbass came for the experience of French miners. In the autumn of 1935 it started a broad campaign in the country, dubbed "Stakhanov movement".
remains considerable evidence of foreigners who came to the USSR. Many of them are out of town and in the Donbass, which has always devoted a few sheets of his travel notes. Among them was Andre Gide, which after a visit to the USSR published his book "Back to the USSR" in June 1937. At that time he was one of the most popular Western writers in the Soviet Union. But after a dozen years since those events is one curious fact ...
The writer came to the legendary resort "Donbass" in Sochi, there is the official chronicle of the visit, which describes the admiration of all the guests what he sees. But that was really the case? Yes, the Jew did not refuse the rave reviews of dining rooms, houses and workers' clubs.
But looking at the huge portrait on the wall Stakhanov (pictured miner AG Stakhanov shares experience), he was genuinely puzzled: "He was able to tell me, to perform five hours of work, which takes eight days. I dare to ask, does this mean that in the five-hour operation initially planned eight days. But my question was greeted frostily, prefer not to answer. Then I talked about how a group of French miners, traveling across the USSR, in a comradely replaced on one of the mines brigade of Soviet miners and stress-free, not even knowing about it, fulfilled the Stakhanovite norm "- Gide wrote in his memoirs.
Naturally, after such discussions and author of publications on the personal order of Stalin in the Soviet Union more than not allowed. Everyone had the right to only one opinion, approved by the governing party.
Unfortunately, the desire to be among the leading companies that develop the Stakhanov movement, and also led to all sorts of machinations that puts into question the real achievements of workers. Important role played here and the material factor - Stakhanovite received very large at the time bonus, which is eagerly reported the newspaper.
Stakhanov Council weaving plant, 1936.
For example, once performed the task to work 175% and earned for 7 hours 48 rubles (while the average monthly salary at the working plant was about 300 rubles). Since both the bosses and the workers themselves were interested in Stakhanov fulfillment of the plan, often there is a tendency to underestimate the rules.
Stakhanovets Artemovskaya the farm "Red seamstress" F. Worms for sewing.
However, despite the many negative moments have taken place: "rekordomaniyu", striving at all costs to increase the quantitative indicators to the detriment of the quality of products, and even fraud at different valuations - the spread of the Stakhanov movement possible to increase productivity, improve discipline and to reveal the hidden reserves.
Admission of new members of the farm, who took over as Stakhanov practice Parfentieva village of Kolomna, Moscow Region.
Farmer Stakhanovite Khasya Rabalskaya. Jewish collective farm, Ukraine.
Senior conductor - Stakhanovite Samuel Gulub, a refugee from the Vinnitsa region.
Another photo cheerful Stakhanovite ...
... which is very contrasted with banned at the time photos visited the Soviet Union in the same period James Abbe, representing the queue to the grocery store.
And home workers, in this case - the Dnieper.