Why did the Soviet ice cream was the best in the world
• Why did the Soviet ice cream was the best in the world
The history of this favorite treats children and adults is more than five thousand years. They say that in ancient Rome, Emperor Nero indulged in such a cold and sweet dessert.
Today, there is a national standard - GOST ice cream milk-cream sundae. "Gostovskaya ice cream, then is milk-based."
What is the phenomenon of the Soviet ice-cream, which many admired since childhood? You can bet there or not. In fact, of course, we all remember the ice cream one. Previously, because of another ice cream, except butter, milk, ice cream, we did not. Pronounced dairy flavor - that's what distinguishes Soviet ice cream.
Butter, cream, fruit and berry, waffle cups with cream roses, popsicle, horn with chocolate icing ... Here it is - the era of the Soviet ice-cream! Its quality was legendary. And yet, the secret of the unique taste?
We owe this to GOST 117-41, by which and made a favorite delicacy of Soviet children. He was considered one of the toughest in the world and was introduced more March 12, 1941. In the domestic "shade" was not a single preservative, only natural milk! And all kinds of ice cream were produced on a single technology. Therefore, taste the dessert in any city of the Union was the same!
Initially, the Soviet regime ice cream with their attention is not spoiled, and called product of the bourgeois taste. Which could not discredit him in the eyes of the proletarian public. Over time, the government's attitude to the dairy delicacy "thawed", and it began to promote in every way the war.
The Soviet price: ice cream with "swan" - 13 cents, dairy - 9 cents, fruit - 7 cents, chocolate "popsicle" low - 11 cents, large - 22 kopecks, "Leningrad" chocolate - 28 cents, in a waffle cup butter with cream rosettes - 28 cents, and ice-cream cake with cream.
For the first time in the ice cream industry rails set in the 30s. He issued a decree of the USSR People's Commissar of Food Anastas Mikoyan, who insisted that the cream should be mass produced food and at affordable prices. According to the people's commissar, Soviet citizen should eat for a year not less than five kilograms of ice cream! He added fuel to the fire, and the fact that the United States has long held the palm in this matter. In America it produced 600 thousand tons of ice cream, while in the Soviet Union - a total of eight. It was decided to change the situation radically, and Mikoyan went to the United States - for the purchase of necessary equipment. Already November 4, 1937 the first Soviet delicacy was released in the USSR. Then cold storage facilities were opened in Moscow, Leningrad, Kharkov. In 1940, a powerful ice-cream factory and earned in Kiev.
It is necessary to pay tribute to the quality of products. Each batch of snow goodies evaluated on a 100-point system. Any deviation from the taste, color or odor considered marriage. In addition, while the ice cream is limited to one week. (Now the ice cream can be stored for about six months!) So in terms of production and consumption of ice cream of the USSR came in second place in the world after the United States. For export annually dispatched two thousand tons. Abroad, the Soviet ice cream are prestigious class. It was served only in expensive restaurants for far from "soviet" price.
In the homeland of the most delicious ice cream before it had stale in the world - instantly dismantled. Sold in bulk or packed with 50 or 100 g in street stalls, kiosks or a cafe. In 50 years on the streets hanging enticing banners that adorned the penguins with popsicle - a symbol of the ice cream of the USSR.
A glass of "creamy" was worth 22 kopecks, for a further three could take filler - jam or grated chocolate. There were a eskimo 24 pennies, but it was sold at only one point and is very rare. When the ice cream just brought, it gained five or six packs just to have enough for the whole family. Aunty in colorful bonnet opened a metal container, and you choose the one that you want. If the ice cream was over, the saleswoman said happily: "It will be after 2 hours" - or sad: "The queue does not deal with" and then everyone started buzzing angrily.
The kiosks ice cream is not often, at best, three times a week. Therefore queues serious. How cursed the people who came for the ice cream from the villages! They filled their three-liter jars for a long time delaying the turn. The cafe sold ice cream, it was applied with colored balls in ice-cream with a spoon. It was also chocolate, creme brulee, fruit, champagne and even a soda pop or fruit sauce ...
For children in the villages of ice cream was a miracle - in local shops did not deliver it. Therefore, the deficit have learned to treat themselves: in the circle of snow kneaded, mixed with sour cream and sugar. It turned out almost as the present, even looked clumsy.
Some of the Soviet ice-cream were unique. For example, a waffle cup with cream rosettes at the top or the famous "Gourmet." Her appearance we owe the discovery of mechanics, which in the 70s invented a special nozzle. With the help of the glaze applied to steel flow rather than "dip."
There were tomato ice cream that many people do not remember. But those who tried it, can not forget the taste never. Some considered him a rare muck, others would like to return the clock to try it just once.
- "Tomato" was sold in a paper cup with a stick to boot.
- The taste of a kind. It is a pity that now it does not produce. It was cheap, only 10 cents. Well, if you did not have a penny, it happens pereroesh apartment upside down vyvernesh all pockets, and can run for ice cream!
The real booty considered ice cream "Chestnut" for 28 cents - the price equal to nine tram ride!
- Fruit of the ice cream was not considered.
- Higher enjoyment was a rare measure "Chestnut". What there was chocolate - for the ears ottyanesh! Not that it now takes a bite - and the chocolate crumbles like a needle with a dry tree.
Sunset Soviet ice cream came with perestroika. But since 1990 the country has covered the flow of imported ice cream is clearly the chemical filler. Taste of the Soviet remained in the memories of older generations.
And in the end of yet another ice cream without the use of words to tell this photo. 1962, Cannes. A friend of Federico Fellini, Anouk Aimee, ice cream treats paparazzi.