Unusual documents world records
• Unusual documents world records
Many people today do not realize how much the educational and cultural resources in the last 20 years. Derive a rare historical document on the computer screen in the museum, in a second download interesting books in electronic format - all the latest generation of information consumers take for granted, yet in 2000 it seemed a fantasy. After all of the original documents needed to go down to the archives and find a book in the library.
intelligent information processing technology, such as automatic recognition of text and images every day accelerate the exchange of information and expand the knowledge base of humanity - with the help of their art books, textbooks, historical documents and photos are digitized and entered into the public databases. If the benefits of the Internet as such views still diverge, the benefits from the digitization of documents is hardly subject to dispute.
By the way, Google - the company that gave us the navigation on the network - the first sought to convert to digital books all American libraries, trying to lay the groundwork for creating a "global library". Today, with the help of technology companies such as of ABBYY, cultural centers, museums, and universities worldwide use intelligent processing of information to create their own digital archives, allowing you to store history and make it available to anyone interested.
We visited online resources Amsterdam Museum, the National Archives of Norway and others in search of interesting historical documents lying "on the surface" network.
Collage including the famous picture of John Lennon and Yoko Ono at the Hilton during their stay in Amsterdam in 1969.
The Declaration of the British conquest of New Holland on October 21, 1666.
champion team Blauw Wit, 1910.
Amsterdam City Archives - the largest municipal archive in the world: it contains more than 8 million records. Among the historical documents found such an unusual record as brewery production chronicles Heineken (including the letter of the founder of the company to acquire the first brewery), letters of Mahatma Gandhi, a trade agreement in Amsterdam with the newly founded United States and even the police report about the theft of a bicycle Anne Frank 13 April 1942. Most of the material is digitized and available for researchers and interested citizens on the site.
Visitors to the city archives of the museum are introduced to the virtual database.
So look indexed documents in a shared library - thanks to digitized archive them do not need to sort manually.
This photo guests in 1912 in Oslo, Albert Einstein. Left - the first female professor in Norway Christine Bonnevie, who taught zoology. This photo - an example of historical evidence, digitized and available in the National Archives of Norway.
jazz legend Louis Armstrong during the rest of the concert tour in Oslo in 1955.
Lighthouse "She", built in 1867.
Children's ski slope in Asker, 1955.
A crowd of teenagers on a Rolling Stones concert in Oslo welcomed musicians with a banner "Welcome, Mick, Charlie, Brian Keith and Bill!". 1964.
The Family Tree Norwegian family Darre.
Old propaganda poster calling to vote for a bourgeois party of Norway.
So look physical data files.
Virtual data archive of the National Library of New Zealand has more than three million pages of periodicals, letters, diaries and reports on the work of Parliament in nearly 100 years.
Recently the library digitized all newspapers and journals published in the language of the local people of New Zealand Maori. We archive convenient search system: every newspaper has a Web page that contains a summary of the publication date and all issues are open for access. In cooperation with the firm ABBYY similar technology used for creation of an electronic archive of the Edinburgh Botanic Gardens and Grand Theater.
The first postage stamp, called the Penny Black, was published in 1840 in the UK. In the picture - Queen Victoria.
Royal Mail UK began using the technology, the recognized text, even in 1987, when the company established 46 devices for optical character recognition. Current systems can read any postal codes. In addition, they control the spelling of the addresses. In the year sort mail more than 14 billion letters and parcels. Today such technologies are used in the majority of postal services in the world.
The application is also in the social sphere - for example, the Government of Bangladesh in recent years has managed to fully modernize the system of the population census. Based on these data provide the medical support programs, but to collect them expensive and difficult. If you do everything by hand, it takes at least two years. Using similar technology census results were obtained in three times faster - the system recognizes the data of 30 million forms, filled out by hand, and the operator had only to check whether all the information is extracted correctly. Only 8 months of the country's Ministry of Health has received all the information about the health of their residents.
For the 1760 th year tradition of sending gifts began to give way to a beautifully made and ornate letters. And the oldest Valentine card dates from 1790 and is known as "folding puzzle" - its mystery lay in the fact that the letter you want to deploy the right to open the hidden lines containing a declaration of love.
By the 1840s valentines already firmly established in the tradition. The most popular topics for decoration are flowers, birds and angels. Many of the cards includes mechanical components that reveal the hidden message or image.
The first mail delivery of air traffic has been performed in the UK in 1911 and is dedicated to the coronation of George V.
This digital copy of postage stamps with the image of Winston Churchill.
One of the most interesting finds in the archive - is the letter of the future prime minister to his wife Clementine, dated 1915 year. Shortly before you go to fight on the Western Front in World War I, he wrote to his wife: "You gave me to understand how precious can be a woman's heart do not waste your time grieving over me ... death - this is only the case, and, moreover, not the most important ... "