Billionaires who have earned the most in 2017
on capital gains Leader predictably became the founder of Amazon, but the second place was taken by a Chinese tycoon developer Xu Jiaying
In 2017, the US stock market has reached record levels, oil prices continued to go up, and the Chinese real estate market has shown steady growth - all this has allowed the richest people of the world to earn more than ever.
In 2017, Forbes monitor the status of more than 2,000 billionaires. Ten billionaires who earned the most, in the aggregate have increased their fortunes by $ 204 billion, compared with a modest $ 74, 7 billion in 2016. Forbes compared their capital as of January 1, 2017 and December 14, 2017.
Jeff Bezos, who in October is still the richest man in the world, tops the list. Bezos, whose wealth increased by $ 33, 8 billion due to the rapid growth of Amazon stock, one of three Americans included in the top 10. The remaining seven members representing different countries of the world. Among them, the Indian tycoon Mukesh Ambani, who owns assets in the oil and gas and telecommunications industries. Rise in share prices of his Reliance Industries conglomerate Ambani allowed to enter the top twenty richest people in the world for the first time in five years.
+ $ 33, 8 billion
Net Worth: $ 98, 6 billion
Bezos Amazon this year puts the records from January 1, its shares rose 60%. October 26 the price jumped by 13% during the day, when the e-commerce giant posted third-quarter results that exceeded expectations. It was also the day when Bezos, who in a few hours has earned $ 7 billion, became the richest man on the planet. It still holds that title.
+ $ 27, 4 billion
Net Worth: $ 36, 5 billion
Status of the richest property owners in the world since the beginning of this year has quadrupled. This jump is entirely due to the increase by 400% the price of the shares of its Evergrande Group. Most of this increase occurred after in July, the company reported strong financial results for the first half of 2017: revenues increased by 115%, and net profit - by 224%. Group owns commercial and residential real estate in more than 200 cities in China. The billionaire also controls Evergrande Health, which is collaborating with Brigham Women's Hospital (Boston) to improve the health care system in China.
+ $ 23, 6 billion
Net Worth: $ 40, 3 billion
One of the most important tastemakers in the world, Arnaud is required for the most part of his state's interest in Christian Dior. Its shares, for which the price by 52% since the beginning of the year, is now worth $ 47 billion. Arno also owns a large stake in of LVMH, the luxury conglomerate, the manufacturer of the goods, which he runs since 1989. Shares of LVMH, which controls seventy luxury brands, including Dom Perignon, Bulgari, Louis Vuitton and Tag Heuer, have grown by 35% since the beginning of the year (until 14 December).
+ $ 23, 6 billion
Net Worth: $ 72 billion
Facebook Zuckerberg steadily developed over 2017. Its shares rose by almost 60%, due to growth in mobile advertising. In December 2015, Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan, announced that they will give 99% of its Facebook shares to charity. In addition, Zuckerberg asked to create a new type of shares, which would allow him to retain control of the company. After a public scandal in September Zuckerberg, who founded Facebook in 2004, when he was 19 years old, she gave up this plan. 33-year-old billionaire has announced that will expand the circle of its charitable activities and sell 35 to 75 million Facebook shares during the next year and a half to fund a number of initiatives.
+ $ 21, 8 billion
Net Worth: $ 44, 3 billion
Chinese billionaire technology and its holding company Tencent, where Ma is the chairman, with the 2011 hunt for viral messengers and internet hits. Tencent - which owns one of the most popular instant messengers WeChat China (more than 960 million users) invested in Snapchat before the IPO, and then in November, has acquired 12% stake in the parent company Snap. Although Snap shares fell 35% after the IPO in March, Tencent shares on the rise: this year the price has risen more than 100%.
+ $ 18 billion
Net Worth: $ 41, 1 billion
Ambani, who became the fourth richest man in the world in 2010, the first time back in the top 20 in five years. This rise was mainly attributable to an increase of more than 65% stake in Reliance Industries, which is now thriving thanks to the growing marginality of its petrochemical business. The company also entered on a hyper-Indian telecommunications market, creating a company of Jio, which offers reasonably priced services for business. Its 4G service, launched in September 2016, has already attracted 146 million customers.
Carlos Slim and family
+ $ 15, 3 billion
Net Worth: $ 65, 1 billion
Mexico's richest man Carlos Slim led the Forbes list of billionaires for the last time in 2011, and since then it has always avoided people like active investor Warren Buffett and the Spanish tycoon Amancio Ortega retailers. The value of shares America Movil telecommunications company, which is owned by Slim, hit a low in November 2016 after 13 months of fall, but then the company has been able to recover. In early 2017 the Mexican peso increased, and the company Sliema published an encouraging report for the first quarter. America Movil is the largest provider of wireless communications and pay TV in Latin America, and its shares rose 50% in the period from January to mid-December. Slim also owns 17% of the newspaper New York Times, whose shares have demonstrated the best annual performance since 2013.
+ $ 14, 8 billion
Net Worth: $ 22, 8 billion
This year, the state of Asia's richest woman, Yang Huang, has tripled due to the rapid development of China's real estate market. Yang, which owns 57% of the Chinese real estate developer Country Garden Holdings, whose shares in 2017 increased by 201%, owes much of the state of her father, Ian Kwok Kang. Kang founded the Country Garden Group 20 years ago and in 2007 led the company on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. The company is involved in 384 projects around the world, and sold three million homes since 1997.
+ $ 13, 3 billion
Net Worth: $ 61 billion
Ellison founded the company-manufacturer of Oracle software in 1977 and turned it into a giant with a market capitalization of $ 202 billion, with shares continue to rise, even forty years later, in the price. In the period from January 1 to December 14, Oracle's stock price has risen by 30%. However, after the close of trading on December 14, Oracle announced that its cloud business brought less revenue than analysts had expected. The share price fell by nearly 4% Friday, 15 December, which reduced the status of Ellison's $ 2 billion.
Francois Pinault and family
+ $ 12, 5 billion
State (at 14 December 2017): $ 27, 3 billion
November evening in New York, the mysterious buyer paid a record price of $ 450 million in one of the few surviving paintings of Leonardo Vinci la "Savior of the world" - the auction house Christie's, owned by François Pinault. This auction house - one of the few premium brands that are owned by François Pinault and his family. As part of an international group Kering they control a number of luxury goods brands, including Gucci, Stella McCartney, Alexander McQueen and Saint Laurent. In 2017 Kering shares rose 80%, mainly due to soaring sales of Gucci. Translated by Natalia Balabantsevoy