How to breed worms for fishing house
Despite, these worms, nothing can replace a myriad of artificial lures to catch fish. Therefore, anyone who knows a good judge, prefer to always have them at hand. That is why many fishermen ask a legitimate question: "How to breed worms for fishing by yourself?"
Fans of winter fishing are well aware of how hard it is at this time to get the necessary bait. Well, if the sale is a joker. And if not, then we have to use any available food, which does not always guarantee a good catch. As a result, many are thinking about how to breed worms for fishing at home.
Overview of earthworms
The bait is caught almost any fish. There are several varieties referred to living organisms, which are popular with anglers. How to breed earthworms? How do they differ from others? Under this general name hides a number of families of oligochaetes. The most common birds have a body in the 3-15 cm. There are worms in length 2, 5-40 cm. They number 1,500 species, however, the majority is found in the tropics. In temperate latitudes, there are about 100 species of worms. They live in the ground and have an active life at night. During the day they can be found on the ground after the rain. Due to the fact that they are in the process of digestion processed organic residues obtained the most valuable fertilizer - vermicompost. Thinking about the question, how to breed earthworms, it is necessary to understand and the most common types of bait fish.
The red worms
Many fishermen believe that red worms are the most attractive lure. They are suitable for both industrial and domestic breeding. At the same time in a relatively short period of time you can get a big increase in their biomass. In the body of such beings contains proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, making them an excellent food not only for fish but also for pets and birds. How to breed red worms? There are different ways of growing them. During one cycle lasting 3 months, 1 m 2 to 30 kg were collected worms. For their use the feeding almost any organic waste such as food leftovers, animal manure, chicken manure, straw, waste paper, wood, meat and fish industries.
Terms habitat of red worms
How to breed worms in the garden? To do this, you need to meet their need for nitrogen-containing organics. In such an environment, and their growth is greatly enhanced fertility. For the cultivation of red worms require adequate soil moisture. If it is lower than 30-35%, the development of individuals will be inhibited. When lowering the humidity level below 22%, they can be killed within a week. That is why you must be regularly watered the ground. Optimal its humidity - 70-85%.
Soil acidity below pH 5 and above pH9 unsuitable for breeding worms. In such an environment, they will die in a week. The best option - a land that has an acidity of pH 7. they also do not tolerate saline soils and salt concentration of greater than 0, 5% of them are simply deadly.
At temperatures below 5 ° C worms are not fed. They crawl deep into the ground and hibernate. As a rule, they are awake for 10-14 days prior to the thawing of the soil. The optimal temperature for cultivation of them is 18-24 ° C.
Breeding red worms
Each adult lays summer 18-24 cocoon. They contain from 1 to 20 eggs. After 3 weeks, there are young individuals, and after 7-9 weeks they can themselves produce offspring. Most often one individual lives 10-15 years. At the same age their size is increasing. Mature young worms weigh about 1 gram each.
How to dilute the manure worms? Collect a sufficient number of individuals in the old piles of humus or rotten clusters of last year's foliage. These worms are not so common in ordinary soil, but can be found in places with high humidity (eg, in the raspberry patch). Manure worms are very similar to red. Only when pushed onto the hook they released the contents of the yellow color, has an unpleasant odor. To create a cultivator-chervyatnika requires only about 500 fish per 1 sq. m. One of the key factors in the successful reproduction of these organisms is the quality of the substrate in which they will live. For him, use manure, straw, hay, sawdust, are thoroughly mixed. Dense compost creates an ideal environment for living and breeding worms. He must remain wet even in dry weather.
Construction chervyatnika cultivator
The shady place small ditch dug portion (not more than 2 m 2) depth of 30-35 cm. At its bottom stack layer and tamped clay. He must rise to the edge of the ditch. The thickness of this layer is 10 cm. The top clay poured good primer (preferably chernozem). Further, the groove is filled with humus, which is a good seal. It can not add ash, or coal, because their hearts can not tolerate.
The substrate pour the collected specimens, evenly distributing them across the groove. This chervyatnike can be grown not only manure or red worms, but also conventional excavation or rain. For each of these types select the most suitable composition of the substrate. So, it is not necessary to add manure in the soil ground and earthworms. It is better to confine compost.
When breeding manure worms in warm winter they can be collected on the fishing even during frosts. How do you explain this phenomenon? This is due to the fact that a large amount of manure in the substrate contributes to the temperature therein. In winter chervyatnik covered with sacks and covered with earth and snow.
Breeding worms in the home
How to breed earthworms at home? Although the vast majority of people breed them at their summer cottage or garden plot, some avid fishermen manage to do it and in housing conditions. True, not all it turns out well, but one who has learned to breed worms in the apartment, all year round to ensure a good bait. How to breed worms for fishing at home? To do this, choose the right container for their content. The wooden or plastic box can serve as a shelter. In an extreme case, an ordinary canvas bag can be used for this purpose. But in such containers worms can not live long. For long-term breeding is better to use an enamel bowl, basin or bucket. Worms will feel great in the old tank.
After selecting the tank start to prepare the substrate. It should consist of soil, in which there is no or very little humus. It is best suited for this purpose the land in which few fallen leaves and grass roots. This is due to the fact that the digestion of this organic soil takes a lot of oxygen, necessary for normal functioning of organisms under consideration.
Responding to a question about how to quickly dissolve the worms, we can say with confidence that the rate of their growth and reproduction is entirely dependent on food. To supply them to fit virtually any organic waste (cleaning vegetables or fruits), not sweet sleeps welding, coffee grounds and cooked or raw oat groats. It should be remembered that dry foods help to lower the moisture level in the soil. To increase the speed of propagation of worms, many are advised to give them dairy products. In no case can not give them a potato peelings.
Feed worms from this calculation: 3 handful of cereals to 15 liters of soil. When making food in the ground should not be left on the surface. It is necessary to thoroughly mix the soil by hand. When detecting "coil", consisting of a plurality splevshihsya between individuals, they must be carefully separate by distributing uniformly throughout the container. If this is not done, many of the worms will die because of the high temperature inside such a clot.
Compliance with the conditions
I am thinking about the question, how to breed worms, do not forget about the maintenance of optimal conditions to ensure normal functioning of these protozoa. To do this, you must always maintain the appropriate humidity. To determine the status of ground it is compressed in a fist. If someone is formed, the normal humidity after unclamping. At the same time we must not forget that the excess moisture adversely affects the worms.
Despite the fact that these creatures do not like cold temperatures, they can not be placed in close proximity to the radiators, because they quickly die there. The optimal temperature for normal development of the worms is 17-24 ° C. Containers are placed in a dark place, away from direct sunlight.
In one container can contain different types of worms (rain, red), but it is better to allocate to each subtype of "independent living". When growing these animals by this method is possible to collect 30 l volume to 1 kg of fish bait for a week.
at their summer cottage Growing worms
How to breed worms for fishing at the cottage? The easiest way - is to dig a small groove width of 30 cm Its depth should be 15-20 cm in the groove lay rotting leaves, grass, hay, humus... On top of it is covered with boards or burlap. After 7-12 days, it will be earthworms. For them, constructing a special housing, which is a wooden box on legs with a removable lid. The minimum size - 100 x 100 cm and height -. 35-40 cm at the bottom drawer attaching a fine mesh (0, 5 cm).
How to breed worms in the country? To this end, a box set in a shady spot. It can be placed near a compost pit. At the bottom of the box is poured 20-25 cm of compost. In this new dwelling worms move out of the groove with a small amount of soil. Earth is moistened and covered with burlap. A week later, the box is filled up to the top with compost and watered again. Substrate must moisturize 1-2 times weekly (depending on its rate of drying).
For 2-3 months worms lay their cocoons in the soil. Thus each individual weekly gives one cocoon. From it appears 5-20 worms. Last masonry observed at the end of July. The first offspring appears at the end of August. In October, the worms become adults. For growth and development they need a lot of food, so from July to November in the box twice a month added to the compost humus layer with a thickness of 10 cm. In the process of digestion of the worms he gets vermicompost, which is poured out through the mesh bottom of the box. In one season, the layer of accumulated valuable fertilizer can reach 25-30 cm. In winter, the shelter worms left in place, to warm him up and compost layer at 20-30 cm. On its sides covered with earth and sand. When snow falls on a box poured a little snow.
vermicompost spring is collected and used for its intended purpose, and most of the worms spread around the area. In the box is left only a small number of specimens for further breeding.
How to breed mealworms
In recent years, fishermen are increasingly being used to lure meal worms, often called zoofobusami. In big cities, they can be purchased at pet stores, as they are used for feeding various animals. Where this is not possible, you can grow them yourself. How to breed mealworms at home?
Select a suitable place to accommodate them and the capacity to grow. To do this, fit a large plastic boxes or trays without slots. As the cover is used a fine mesh. At the bottom of such a container is poured flour, bran, sawdust, ground crackers. Feeder layer should be 2-10 cm. The trays were placed acquired Khruschak-beetles and whose larvae are zoofobusy. When using pupae breeding process will take longer. The number of beetles depends on the desired result. After laying eggs by adults takes place 2 months before of them will mealworms. Humidity in the box with them should be about 50%. It is best to develop the worms at a temperature 26-28 ° C.
The larvae of beetles, beetle are omnivorous. Zoofobusov fed every 2 days. They are given bran, oatmeal, mixed with grated carrots, beets, and other vegetables.
Instead of an epilogue
We have reviewed the most common ways to solve the question in the title of the article. Of course, it is easier to buy a bait shop. However, after spending some time on arrangement chervyatnika and care for its inhabitants, you also lose not stay. First, the breeding of worms can not be called expensive, rather the contrary. And secondly, you have on hand is always fresh bait, and at any time of day and year. This, you see, sometimes very important.