The history and role of the pioneers in the USSR
The fight for children's minds - the struggle for the future. It is well aware of the communist leaders who were able to create one of the largest and most capable youth organizations in the world.
Vladimir Lenin All-Union Pioneer Organization starred numbered as many as 23 million people in the formation of ideological education of the Soviet youth at the time of the collapse. But who really were the pioneers of the Soviet and the role they have played in the emergence of communism?
Not pioneers and scouts
Few people know that until the 1917 in Russia there was a fairly well-developed Scout Organization. Around 50,000 scouts came in handy during the chaos of the Civil War, searching for street children and providing support in the rear. In addition, in the territories occupied by the Soviet government, the scouts huddled in groups of so-called children's militia - that is, the past pioneers the most combat.
Be ready to
The idea of creating their own Communist organization has put forward itself Krupskaya. December 10, 1921, it was decided to reform the Scouts in the pioneers (the idea of the Communists had no qualms borrowed from Seton-Thompson, practice pioneringa). Motto and reviews Scout, "Be ready! - always ready!". Symbolism, though somewhat altered: the tie was the red-lily icon replaced the symbol of a burning fire.
The pioneering squads
In 1923 began a large-scale campaign for the unification of the pioneers. For a short time the number of organizations has reached 75 thousand people. Already in the late 1930s-Union Pioneer Organization was united on the principle of the school, regardless of the place of residence of children. The class was a single squad, the whole school - warriors. Gradually it started implementing the military field training: in a playful way the guys were learning science techs, signalers and gunners.
The very motto of the organization over time has changed a bit. Now he expresses the main ideological goal of the state of education of young fighters for the values of communism "Pioneer to the Soviet Union's struggle for the cause of the Communist Party be ready!" -. "Always ready!"
Then the pioneers became involved for the eradication of anti-Soviet elements. During the lessons the children were told that their civic duty to put the society, the party above personal interests. Indicative was the story of Pavlik Morozov, who was not afraid to denounce his own father-fist. Image Morozov considered the main role model for all Soviet children.
Pioneers in the war
From the very beginning of the Great Patriotic War of the pioneers involved in fights as adults. Guerrilla groups could be composed of up to half of the students. Warships willingly accepted trained apprentices, often become pioneers scouts.
Do not underestimate the role played by the pioneers in the reconstruction of post-war country. Students involved in literally everything, from collecting scrap metal, to the cultivation of cotton plantations. Pioneer Organization was divided into three stages to climb to the next had to work very hard. Each pioneer had a personal two-year work plan, results-oriented across the already adult labor semiletok.
Profile of Lenin on his chest
In 1962, pioneers received another distinction - the proud father of the proletariat profile chest. Thus the state symbolized the recognition of the merits of the entire organization on a national scale. Already by 1970 the All-Union Pioneer Organization consisted of 23 million people - a real army of loyal fighters of communism.
Restructuring pioneer organization did not survive. October 1, 1990 at the All-Union Pioneer rally in Artek, it was decided to reform it into a new type of organization, but the Komsomol Central Committee had not approved the reorganization. Together with the Emergency XXII Congress of the Komsomol and the story ended communism in Russia, and pioneers.