High antiquity technology
• The high antiquity technology
Located in Cyprus in Paphos necropolis "Tombs of the Kings" (Tombs of Kings) still surprises used in its construction technical solutions.
For kings, and other crowned heads of this necropolis is irrelevant, as is the burial place of notable people who are here in repose from IV century BC until the II century BC. e. However, at least one representative of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty was also buried here, as indicated by the carved on the wall of the tomb tribal symbol - the two-headed eagle. But it is rather an exception to the rule.
"Tombs of the Kings" - if not a city of the dead, then certainly the town. And it's not a figure of speech, because some members of the nobility were buried in most of these homes and estates, however, located below ground level. As archaeologists say the deceased erected exactly the same housing, which he owned in his lifetime, which required huge costs, both financial and physical. 500 years before it was not heavy construction equipment birth of Jesus Christ, and everything had to be done manually. However, some of the stone blocks are obvious traces of the machining, so we can not exclude the use of the mechanisms of the principle that action can only guess.
Despite the fact that most of the tombs were plundered in antiquity, funerary objects themselves are well preserved. For many years they were in a derelict state, and is hosted in Cyprus at different times of Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Venetians and Turks did not show any interest to the necropolis. Locals generally prefer to do it with the side that is clear and understandable - the energy of this place is still a matter oppressive feeling at too impressionable tourists. In 1871, Cyprus moved to the British, and only then began a serious study of the "Tombs of the Kings." A number of British researchers and enthusiasts dug out and cleared a few graves, but found nothing of interest. It took another hundred years before in the necropolis have been large-scale excavations under the auspices of the Cypriot authorities and UNESCO. This organization has made "Tombs of the Kings" in the list of world cultural heritage, as well as the entire city of Paphos.
Currently, archaeologists investigated a large part of the necropolis, but there are still small areas where excavation to be conducted. Most facilities are open to review, but part of the underground facilities available, and there are only specialists there. The most interesting is the two "post-mortem house", which became the last refuge for some very notable persons. Their names and titles, alas, history has not preserved. The first burial is a full house, carved in sandstone, while the second is more like an ancient Roman villa with a patio, with columns and separate rooms.
Of course, both burials are below ground level, and one can only wonder what a tremendous work has been done centuries ago. Skill treating stone blocks impressive, as the art cutters. Cut into the rock huge cavity, to make the necessary calculations, and to create a "post-mortem house" preserved after 2,500 years, it could only be a very advanced civilization. Not having construction equipment, computer programs, concrete and even something comparable to modern entrenching tools, ancient architects and builders have created such facilities before which would have removed the hat of their colleagues from the XXI century.
When many researchers argue that 2500-3000 years ago on the Earth there was an advanced civilization, in this willingly believe. If we are "home" created the ancient rulers of Cyprus for the dead, we can only guess that they are built for living. Unfortunately, many of the secrets of ancient civilizations lost forever. For example, one of the puzzles Paphos archaeological park, once the former one with "Tombs kings" is not clear tunnel of about 15 meter in length and 5 meters in height. It would easily fit subway car, but why and how it was made more than two thousand years ago - a mystery. There are many mysteries not only in Paphos but also in the whole Cyprus. To have survived only fragments and the remains of the once great civilization, the level which some countries and regions have not reached so far.
Unfortunately, significant damage to the historic part of Paphos tourism caused. West Coast began to actively built up hotels, steel laid roads and other infrastructure to be erected. Although archaeologists opinion was taken into account in the construction of an object large enough territory ceded to the hotel complex. "Tombs of the Kings" were trapped between two hotels: one knows how many have been lost artifacts in their construction. Clear boundary in the necropolis there, and some burials can be seen at a very considerable distance from the main complex of tombs. At the same time, it brings tourists a basic income as a necropolis, and Paphos Archaeological Park - the year they are visited by tens of thousands of people, which gives a good boost to the city budget. All this contributes to the unique objects in good condition and preserve the unique architecture of this one-of-a-kind "cities of the dead".