Unknown Rembrandt: 5 biggest mysteries of the great masters
• Unknown Rembrandt: 5 biggest mysteries of the great masters of
In the history of painting by Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn he entered not only as the world's most famous Dutch artist, but also as a great artist who left many mysteries, over which scratching their heads still. Rembrandt called prodigal son of Dutch painting - among his contemporaries, he did not find understanding, and it is often accused of perversity, because he did not intend to change its principles for the sake of our customers pictures.
Rembrandt van Rijn. Self-portrait, c. 1660. Fragment
One of the most enigmatic paintings of Rembrandt - "Night Watch" (1642). Artists Order group portrait of volunteer rifle company, whose members were rich and influential burghers of Amsterdam. The painting was to be shown 16 officers - each of them made of 100 guilders for it. What was the dissatisfaction of customers, where instead of the traditional group photo, they saw a picture of a very strange story and 28 characters!
Rembrandt van Rijn. Night Watch, 1642
Instead of a friendly party artist depicted a group of armed men, raised the alarm. Strange light pulls out of the darkness of their face, which is quite difficult to recognize. I do not recognize myself on the canvas Captain Banning Kok demanded his money back. Rembrandt was trying to explain that to create a military atmosphere of anxiety he needed additional characters, but his arguments did not convince anyone.
Rembrandt van Rijn. Night Watch, 1642. Detail
Group portraits to Rembrandt were static posing looking straight at the viewer, and have equal intervals between them. The painting "The Night Watch" figures overshadow each other, guards are not going up, and their knees bent create a rhythm, which is now called "picturesque disorder." In addition, the original painting called "Performance Company of Captain Frans Banning shooters Coca". But for a long time, it hung near the fireplace and covered with soot. Because of the dark background, we decided that the action takes place at night (although the original background was light), and called the work "Night Watch".
Rembrandt van Rijn. The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, 1632
Failure to comply with the canons of Rembrandt showed in his first group portrait painted by him in 26 years - "The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp" (1632). It remains a mystery how managed to win the success of the picture, which instead of pompous ceremonies, static figures posing-customer doctors displayed a dynamic group of people in the dissecting room, enthusiastic lecture. At the time, public lectures at autopsy were very rare sight - they were held only once a year.
Rembrandt van Rijn. Portrait of Jacob de Gein III, 1632
But the "Portrait of Jacob de Gein III" (1632) was in the Guinness Book of Records as the most Steals painting in the world. It remains a mystery why this work were abducted and found four. In this picture miraculously did not suffer. Besides, no one has ever been convicted for her abduction. This work in the twentieth century. He received a playful nickname "takeaway Rembrandt".
Rembrandt van Rijn. Jewish Bride, approx. 1665
To this day, it remains a mystery, who is depicted in a painting by Rembrandt "Jewish Bride" (c. 1665). As you know, the last few years the artist spent in abject poverty, he was forced to sell all the property and move to the Jewish Quarter. According to one version, this picture has been written and presented as a wedding gift family living next door to Rembrandt. According to another version, the artist has depicted the characters of the Old Testament of Isaac and Rebecca, and posed him dressed for the occasion sitters. There is a third version: the picture shows the artist's son Titus and his future wife, Magdalena van Loo. The opponents of this version argue that while Titus was only 24 years old, and the man in the picture is much older.
Rembrandt van Rijn. Danae, 1636-1647
Scientists have long argued about which one of the mythological characters portrayed on the Rembrandt painting "Danae" (1636-1647 gg.). We agreed on the version of Danae. During the study did X-rays and found that the artist copied several times the face and figure of a woman, depicting the same time two of his life's companion.