Priceless treasure planet
In 1972, to save outstanding values, representing the province of all mankind, UNESCO adopted the Convention of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. Unique monuments and places of nature brought into a special UNESCO. As of 2015 in the World Heritage List in 1007, there were objects, of which 779 are cultural, 197 - natural and 31 - mixed.
Leaders in the number of such facilities are Italy, China and Spain, therefore, the first thing that comes to mind at the mention of World Heritage sites - is Venice, the Great Wall or the legendary works of Antonio Gaudi. We decided to explore other, less well-known, but no less often unique objects, the existence of which many do not even know.
The fjord of Ilulissat, Greenland
40-kilometer fjord filled with icebergs Ilulissat, which slide from the glacier width of 5 km. Sermeq Kudzhallek. Drifting ice blocks are distinguished by the variety of shapes and sizes. Moving icebergs unusual sounds that can be heard several kilometers away. In the sun, icebergs shimmer variety of shades of blue and white, creating incredible beauty of surreal.
Mountain Reserve area of 1300 square meters. km. It is located in the north of the Japanese island of Honshu. On its territory grow maple, pine and pine forests, as well as the only substantial body of wilderness in East Asia beech forests. 169, 7 sq. km. territory declared UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Lakes of Ounianga Chad
group lakes in the north-eastern Chad, consists of 18 interconnected lakes total area of about 20 sq. km. This is unique to the Earth's deserts hydrological system: the water is fresh, as the feeding of the lake provides an aquifer, located at the foot of a sandstone plateau, which is 50-80 km. north of the lakes; reeds growing in the lake in large quantities, slow down water evaporation rate. The researchers suggest that the lakes are remnants of a larger size of the lake, which existed in the "wet" Age-Saharan Africa, which ended about 5,500 years ago.
Kluane National Park and Reserve, Rangel - St Elias, Glacier Bay and Tatshenshini River, Alsek, Canada / Alaska
Parks system located on the border between the two countries: in Canada and the United States, Alaska. In the park are glaciers, which represent the largest accumulation of ice outside the polar regions, as well as the highest and most massive mountain in Canada. In view of considerable size, elevation and proximity to the ocean for these peculiar places very diverse climate, and with it - the rich flora and fauna.
The archipelago in the Indian Ocean consisting of four islands and two rocks, is considered one of the most isolated in the world archipelago of continental origin. According to one scientific hypothesis, he was separated from Africa about 6 million. Years ago. Because of the geological and biological features of the isolation and climate Socotra created a unique flora and fauna with a high degree of endemism. The most famous endemic plant of Socotra - Dracaena cinnabar red.
The island belonging to France, located in the Indian Ocean, just 800 kilometers from the east coast of Madagascar. On an area of 2500 sq. km. located virgin forests, picturesque lagoons, tropical vegetation and an active volcano Piton de la Fournaise. National Park, which occupies about 40% of the island is included in the List of World Heritage Sites.
Natural Reserve in the north of Sichuan Province consists of three valleys. A place renowned for its cascading waterfalls, picturesque lakes and live here rare species of flora and fauna. The water in many lakes is so pure that when immersed in it can be seen from 40 meters. The park is isolated from the outside world: a trip to his car takes about 10 hours on mountain roads.
te wahipounamu, New Zealand
The area in the south-west coast of the South Island of New Zealand includes just four national parks. The region presents some of the modern representatives of the original flora and fauna of the ancient Gondwana supercontinent that existed 750-530 million liters. n. At the park you can see glaciers, fjords, waterfalls, lush forests, as well as penguins, sea kotiv and other fauna in their natural environment.
The coral reef in the Indian Ocean off the northwest coast of Australia stretches for 300 km. He is the only large reef located so close to the coast, in the distance, just 100 meters from the 7 km. Area protected area of 604500 hectares of coastal and sea areas.
The Škocjan Caves, Slovenia
A system of underground tunnels and halls stretches almost 6 kilometers. Caves formed water of the river with the unpretentious name of river. The Škocjan Caves is the largest grotto in Europe, 120 meters wide and 300 meters long. Besides stalactites and stalagmites, in caves occur terraces precipitated calcium carbonate, characterized by a variety of forms.
This is the second in the world in terms of the atoll after Christmas Island. On the area of 34 km. in length and 14 5 km. wide inhabits a unique population of giant tortoises. Aldabra is one of the few remaining in the world of coral atolls, which are hardly touched by civilization.