10 most dangerous airports in the world
According to statistics, about 75% avikatastrof occur at the time of takeoff and landing. And even if the aircraft is fully functional, and the weather conditions are close to ideal, the danger may be the airport itself. We studied air harbor around the world and have compiled a list of airports where landing force be put to a bottle of 40-degree alcohol, even staunch temperance.
named Tenzing Hillary Airport, and
Many climbers who decided to conquer Everest, begin their journey to the top of the world from Lukla. The local airport is named Tenzing and Hillary though was created for just such adventurers to test the seriousness of their intentions and resistance. Harbor Air is located at an altitude of 2900 meters above sea level. Runway surrounded by peaks and ends with a cliff. The already difficult situation takeoff and landing complicate accumulate around Cloud.
With the exception of strong subsidence, exceeded all calculated values, Kansai Airport is a perfect example of engineering. Since free land in Japan is in short supply, it was decided to build two artificial islands, poured next to Osaka. But it is the location and provided Kansai place in the list of the most dangerous airports in the world. And all because the air harbor is close to a seismic zone and the area of formation of typhoons. Airport periodically shakes, and in 1998 took over the airport typhoon, however, due to its design, the building managed to survive.
The airport, located in the department of the Ministry of Defense, is built just 500 meters from the city center. Whether because of this proximity, whether due to lack of space, but for some reason, the engineers built a runway length of 1829 meters straight through one of the main traffic arteries of the city. Next to a crossing point established barriers and semaphores, and during takeoff and landing transport ship traffic stops in the same way as at a railway crossing. Although the entire system is debugged, the passengers of flights of civil aviation, this neighborhood is a concern, but is that the airport of Gibraltar they had given in the list of the most dangerous in the world.
Initially, the airport of Madeira had two runways, the length of each of which is 1600 meters. But after the crash in 1977 that killed 131 passengers, engineers have finally realized that this length is not enough room to maneuver and extended bandwidth of 200 meters. Such a transformation is not much improved conditions of takeoff and landing, and in 2000 it was decided to finish the strip by placing part 180 concrete poles. Unusual design complements the varied landscape on the one hand the airport is the sea, on the other - the mountain that requires some skill from the pilots during maneuvers.
Strictly speaking, this is not even the airport, and a private airstrip. Coating is ice and snow, which is prepared for each season, which lasts until the snow melts. Aircraft landing strip on the transporting goods and researchers at the nearest station called McMurdo. The place is quite safe and secure, but only until such time as everything starts to melt. Under such conditions, the aircraft can simply get caught up in the snow, or even worse - to break the ice. During this period, the aircraft diverted to other band, but the risk to miss that moment is still there, so the band keeps its position stable list of the most dangerous airports in the world.
Courchevel is famous not only for its ski resorts, but also very short runway. Its length is only 525 meters, and the angle of - 18.5%. Among other things on the strip is not installed ILS system that restricts the airport operation in fog. By the way, the eighteenth stage of the film James Bond "Tomorrow Never Dies" was filmed here.
Sao Paulo, Brazil
According to current standards, the airport is considered obsolete, and the issue is not confined to a single infrastructure. For example, during the construction of the airport engineers did not think about drainage system. As a result, after the rain, local band became so slippery that looked more like a skating rink. In 2007, the band re-paved and has a guttering. In addition, the airport is just 8 km from the city center, so at some point has been set the maximum threshold of aircraft weight. Capacity problems, constantly pop shortcomings need to be upgraded, and the proximity of the city do not add peace of mind for passengers, continues to assert that he is one of the most dangerous in the world.
Saint Martin Island
Princess Juliana International Airport
The runway at the airport begins immediately behind the beach Maho, so the approach takes place directly in the 10-20 meters over the heads of tourists. From the point of view of air, depending on weather conditions, the takeoff and landing are considered medium to high degree of difficulty. But tourists, catching your own towels and periodically hugging the fence so as not to fly, and the passengers of the portholes litsezreyuschie this picture, it is believed that all of this makes the local airport one of the most dangerous in the world.
Airport at the foot of the mountain Platoberge is the world's northernmost civilian airport. Harbor Air has only one runway without steering track. The main danger here make frequent and sudden storm wind.
The runway at the airport is the shortest in the world and is a little less than 400 meters. Just behind the band begins a steep slope, and the ocean behind it. Sit at the airport allowed only three aircraft types, but even their pilots must possess nedyuzhennoy dexterity to safely land the plane here.