What to do if frostbite
We tend to underestimate the danger of frostbite - most often affected by longer periods of cold people can not tell anything. At best, a serious frostbite leads to loss of limbs, but people continue to behave in the street is very lightly. Today we will tell you what to do if frostbite and what to do, you should not.
What it is
Frostbite faces person upon the occurrence of sufficiently low temperatures. Already -10 Celsius untrained person threatens the loss of fingers. If frostbite soft tissue omertvet can - and do with it is nothing impossible.
Almost all well-known public cases of frostbite occur with people in a state of deep alcoholic intoxication. But frostbite could overtake and those who are hungry and tired. Pathology of the immune and cardiovascular system also includes a person at risk - if this applies to you, on a snowy street is to behave very carefully.
The degrees and signs of frostbite
The cold can cause irreversible changes in the soft tissues. Constricted blood vessels simply block access blood, causing tissue necrosis. Then we'll tell you about the degrees of frostbite and treatments.
Most likely, will have to see a doctor. But you can have a first aid and home. The main thing is not to use "proven methods": excessive rubbing frostbitten limb will only lead to tissue damage. Apply to the damaged area a special bandage - a layer of gauze, a layer of cotton gauze layer, rubberized oil cloth. Wrap the entire structure of woolen cloth. In first-degree frostbite can warm the limb in the bath by gently raising the temperature of water from 20 to 40 degrees. Do not be amiss to a glass of warm, sweet tea - glucose will help rehabilitate the body.
I the degree of
Consider yourself lucky. With this degree frostbite soft tissues do not die, only the skin is damaged. It pales, and after first aid becomes purple. Man enough weeks to recover from such damage. Doctors use UHF-therapy and electro- bath that helps the patient to avoid the appearance of skin ulcers.
Man rehabilitating from frostbite that extent, up to two weeks feels depression and constant lethargy. After a couple of days after frostbite, attacked place inflated bubble with a transparent liquid. At the hospital (see a doctor is necessary in any case) they vskroyut. Then, the epidermis is removed and wound up in a bad situation a person will have to undergo a course of antibiotics penicillin group.
Prolonged the time spent in the cold, it leads to the appearance of the third degree. This is already a problem. The consequences of such frostbite often irreversible. For a whole month, the skin peels off from the affected areas, leaving terrible scars. While waiting for the doctor, apply on the affected area thermally insulating bandage described above.
Alcohol and tobacco
The most common story of a frozen man begins with the words "He drank it and went for a walk." Alcohol gives a false sense of warmth, does not feel like much frozen limbs. Cigarettes - another factor contributing to frostbite. Smoking constricts blood vessels, respectively, reduced blood flow to the extremities.
Frost and water
Few aware that frost dries the top layer of skin. Watch carefully for the use of various therapeutic agents - their basis must not be water. This is particularly relevant advice to girls: it is better to abandon the use of cosmetics containing moisture. In particular, and by nourishing cream.