Legendary lost continent
• The legendary lost continent of
In each of the four world oceans hypothetically there was a huge continent, now submerged. We try to understand what treasures hide the land and went from ideas about them.
Atlantis - perhaps the most famous of the legendary sunken lands or disappeared. Around Atlantis, there are hundreds and pseudo-conspiracy theories, and not by chance: it is precisely about it the mankind first learned nowhere else but from the manuscripts of Plato himself. The famous Athenian philosopher and a scientist described in detail the mysterious island, eleven and a half thousand years existed somewhere in the oceans, to the west of the Pillars of Hercules, in front of the Atlas Mountains. According to Plato, Atlantis existed in ancient times and fought with Athens. Atlanta enslaved many countries and tried to conquer Athens, however, the Greeks came to the defense of their country and repelled the attack and then released from the influence of all the land of Atlantis. Thereafter disaster occurred, after which Atlantis went under water. Therefore, somewhere under the water are still a giant golden temples and statues of the Atlanteans, Poseidon's children. Most likely, Plato in his dialogues spoken allegories and meant by Atlantis, the eternal enemy of the Greeks - Persia, and the country proud in the richest kings. Flooding the Persian fleet, the Greeks made a feat similar to that made legendary the Athenians in the war with the Atlanteans. In describing Atlantis, Plato could also criticize his day the Athenian Empire, which exercised its power after the war with the Persians and forced to form a union of states, which it freed from the power of Persia. The image of a hostile sea state, one way or another, has been extremely important for the located on the coast of Athens, is constantly exposed to attacks both from the land and from the sea. In addition, it is worth remembering that Plato is very often used in his writings allegorical description, and even the famous "State" is not actually a description of the ideal state system, and a mockery of the possibility of its creation and an allegory of the device of the human soul. Pacifis - Continent of Mu
Mu - a continent that allegedly sank in the Pacific Ocean. The origins of ideas about it - it's some kind of myths about the country in the middle of the ocean. Easter Island Legends tell of the enormous amount of then island, which gradually went deeper and deeper into the water. However, modern science rejects this version, as the famous coastline of the island has remained the same for thousands of years. Thor Heyerdahl noticed that Polynesians in their legends often affect the subject came from the ancestors of the East. If you build a hypothesis on the basis of this myth, it is necessary to assume the existence of some kind of land, lying in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is possible that a small volcanic islands forming the Pacific Ring of Fire - the remnants of the former continent. However, no studies have confirmed this view. Auguste Le Plongeon claimed that the study of the Mayan ruins in Yucatan, he found texts that prove that this nation has a more ancient history than Egypt, and his original land was the mysterious continent called "Mu". According Plongeon, Queen Mu founded Egypt and its other nationals fleeing the sinking of the continent, have become pioneers of the Mayan civilization.
Lemuria - Indian Ocean mystery
Lemuria - the mysterious continent, lost somewhere in the Indian Ocean. Its name has as its foundation the name of primate lemur that inhabits the island of Madagascar. Lemurs in Rome called spirits of the dead, and when the Europeans in the sixteenth century, faced with unusual primates having strange glowing eyes and tails, they named them in honor of the ancient supernatural beings. Soon lemurs related primate species have been found in India and Southeast Asia, which prompted researchers at the thought of such an unusual area of distribution. As the lemurs, who can not swim, can swim across the Indian Ocean? Such habitat could be explained only on the basis of the hypothesis that previously existed a continent, uniting Africa and Asia. English scientist Philip Latli Skleter suggested that Lemuria - the same continent - was just such a place. But according to modern concepts, a unified continent uniting Australia, Africa, Antarctica, South America, the Indian subcontinent and the island of Madagascar, really existed at the end of the Paleozoic. This - the so-called Gondwana. Her disappearance, or rather, chopping, explain the drift. Starting from the Mesozoic huge continent began to break up into separate pieces of land that we now call the mainland and the island. But keep them on the ancient Gondwana fauna, whose representatives believe modern lemurs and their close relatives, and now has features in common, in spite of its many miles separating the world's oceans. Such assumption is confirmed by the fact that the people of Madagascar for the body structure is much closer to the eastern equatorial, that is, residents of Indonesia, rather than Negroid. This version supports the famous scientist-materialist Frederick Engels, who believed that the sinking of the continent since ancient times lived intermediate between man and ape link of evolution: "Many hundreds of thousands of years ago, in may not be precisely defined the era of that period in the Earth, which geologists development called tertiary, presumably by the end of this period, I lived somewhere in the hot zone - probably on a vast continent, now located at the bottom of the Indian ocean - an unusually highly developed breed chelovekopo obnyh monkeys. " Arctida - the land of the Hyperboreans
Hyperborea, along with other lost lands in the Earth's oceans, is one of the most famous sunken continents. The legendary Nordic country referred to by the Greeks as a continent, which inhabit the mighty Hyperboreans, the sons of the Titans, close to the gods. According to Greek mythology, in Hyperborea often Apollo, the sun god, fire, fine arts, and diseases. Pliny the Elder, a Roman scholar, also held a high opinion of the holy tribe "Behind these mountains on the other side of the Aquilon, happy people, which is called the Hyperborean, reaches rather advanced years and is glorified wonderful legends. They believe that there are loops of the world and extreme limits of handling bodies. The sun is shining there for six months. This country is all in the sun, with the soothing climate and devoid of any harmful wind. Death comes there only from satiety life. You can not doubt the existence of this nation. " The existence of Hyperborea scientists have not confirmed, but since the nineteenth century, it is assumed that previously existed in the North Mainland, named by researchers Arctida. This land has joined the New World with Eurasia, but now there is just a sushi pieces - Siberian Islands and Wrangel Island. According to various estimates, from about one hundred to five thousand years ago Arctida sank. Thus, the opinion about the existence of Arctis are just a scientific hypothesis - which did not prevent the occult thinkers unite idea Arctis with ancient myths about Hyperborea.