What talk window frames Russian houses
• What tells window frames Russian houses
In Russia today, and preserved many houses, impressive wooden patterns on the window frames. It is a subtle art passed down from master to master, and to this day a rare house with carved architraves leave anyone indifferent. In our review of the most interesting examples of wooden architecture, which can be considered infinite.
These were window frames until the 17th century.
Carved frames in Russian homes had always been not only an aesthetic element, but also a talisman, which was intended to protect the house from the penetration of "darkness and navev". Therefore, the main motives of the thread was a picture of the forces of nature - "the firmament of heaven," "abyss of heaven" and the Sun met and realistic images of animals.
intricate carving on the window frames.
Making your home windows - a kind of picture of the world. At the top of the sky, which in Slavic beliefs was a 2-tier "lower sky" called "heavenly abyss", and the top - "the firmament." Celestial Abyss - a symbol of fertility and life-giving water - is portrayed as a wavy line or distinct semicircles and could "drain" on the edges of the window, displayed in the form of droplets.
A special style.
The lower part of the wooden casing was to symbolize "SOLID earth" and therefore often had plowed and sowed image field (diamonds dotted inside and intersecting double strips). The side of the casing called "towels".
The sun sets and rises again.
Plinth as an amulet.
All parts of the casing correspond with the cardinal points and the seasons, and when applied to certain characters are an important part regains location characters themselves.
Thus, the most. Perhaps the frequent placement is in all parts of the casing solar symbols. As a rule, the sun using a diamond image. He could be placed in any part of the casing, and sometimes immediately above and to the right and left, and even below. In this combination, the symbol signified the change of seasons and day and night. In the lower part of the casing rhombus (elongated) designated field.
White and bards.
Sun depicted in casings and as an equilateral cross, so-called "eye of heaven" (usually the top of the casing), and as a small half-disc of rays. For the ancient glory of the sun associated with energy, power, force, it was a talisman against evil spirits. These images reflect the Slavs and presentation of the world order - in the center of the Sun, personifying the supreme power and giving life. However, in the Soviet era casings sun replaced the "Flower" and five-pointed star.
... and birds below.
No less important in the decoration of architraves and thunderous signs traditionally accompany the sun. It looks like a thunder sign ugolnaya 6-or 8-ugolnaya star inscribed in a circle. Slavs called the symbol of thunder, Perun, or sign, or a thunder, wheel Kolowrat. This sign - a symbol of courage, valor and Arcanum of the Russian army. Sometimes, this symbol indicates the change of day and night.
Meet on the jamb and realistic images of birds (ducks and swans) and horses. In Slavic mythology, the horse was a "carrier" of the solar disk. Therefore, it is depicted in the upper part of the casing, and the birds are carried away the sun at sunset - at the bottom.
Almost fabulous window.
Considering the trim, you can see a lot of interesting, but it should always be remembered that the interpretation of the image in different regions of Russia may be quite different, which is associated with the story, then learn from and adapting to their own culture of different peoples.
These different Russian casings.