10 amazing animals rainforest
There's nothing nicer than the good old stories about animals. But today I do not tell about pets, and those who live in tropical forests. The ecosystem of the rain forest is home to a large variety of animals than any other ecosystem. One reason for this is the wide variety of constantly warm climate.
Tropical forests also provide an almost constant presence of water and a large variety of food for the animals. Therefore, here are 10 amazing animals of tropical forests and some of the facts about their lives.
Tukanov can be found in South and Central America, under the canopy of the rainforest. During sleep, toucans turn inside their heads and put their beaks under their wings and tail. Toucans are very important for tropical forests, because they help to spread the seeds of the fruits and berries that they eat. There are about 40 different species of toucans, but, unfortunately, some species are under threat. The two main threats to the existence of toucans are the disappearance of familiar surroundings and the growing demand for the commercial pet market.
They vary in size from about 15 centimeters to just over two meters. Large, colorful, easy beaks - these are the distinctive features of toucans. This noisy bird with his loud and raspy voice.
Wood lizard, the so-called flying dragons actually glide from tree to tree on his skin "flap" that look like wings. On each side of the body, between the front and rear limb, there is a large skin flap movable supports extended fins. Usually these "wings" are in the folded position along the body, but they can be disclosed to the lizard could slip many meters almost horizontal state. Flying dragon feeds on insects, such as ants. For reproduction, the flying dragon descends to the ground and lay in the soil from 1 to 4 eggs.
Bengal tiger lives in the regions of the Sundarbans of India, Bangladesh, China, Siberia and Indonesia, and are under severe threat of extinction. Today, about 4,000 individuals left in the wild, while in the turn of the century there were more than 50,000 in 1900. Poaching and habitat loss are the two main reasons for reducing the number of Bengal tigers. They have not been able to adapt to the harsh conditions, despite their belonging to the dominant species. Tigers, also known as the Royal Bengal tiger, which is a subspecies of tiger, can be found in the Indian subcontinent. Bengal tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh and is the second largest tiger in the world.
One of the largest and most powerful of the fifty species of eagles in the world - the harpy eagle living in the lowland tropical forests of Central and South America, from southern Mexico south to eastern Bolivia and southern Brazil to northern regions of Argentina. It is an endangered species. The main threat to its existence is the loss of habitat due to ongoing deforestation, destruction of nesting and hunting.
This is a frog found in Central and South America. They are known for their bright colors that warn other animals that they are poisonous. Poison frogs is one of the most powerful known toxins and can lead to paralysis or death. It is so powerful that one million of the 30 grams of poison can kill a dog, and the number is less than for a crystal of salt can kill a person. A frog has a stock of poison, enough to send to that light up to 100 people. Local hunters used the poison to their arrows, where the frog was named Poison-Arrow Frog English (frog poisoned arrow).
Sloths - this is an extremely slow mammals, which can be found in the tropical forests of Central and South America. There are two types of sloths: didactylism and three-fingered. Most sloths the size of a small dog. They have short, flat head. Their fur is gray-brown in color, but sometimes they look like gray-green, because it moves so slowly that tiny plant-masking time to grow throughout their wool. Sloths are nocturnal and sleep curled up, putting his head between his hands and feet, turn close to each other.
spider monkeys are large. Adult monkey can grow almost 60 centimeters tall, not counting the tail. The tail is very powerful. Monkeys use it as an extra limb. Spider monkeys love to hang upside down, caught the branches of the tail and feet, making them look like a spider, from which they take their name. Also, these monkeys are able to jump from one branch to another at high speed. Their coat color can be black, brown, gold, red or bronze color. Spider monkeys are the object of attention of the hunters, because of what they are on the verge of extinction. This picture is probably your only chance to ever see this monkey. Not to mention our species ...
There are about a centimeter in diameter, snake wine is amazing, "slender", stretched views. If the snake lain down among the branches of forest trees, its proportions and green-brown color makes it almost indistinguishable from the thick lianas and vines. Head of the snake, the same thin and elongated. Low-speed predator, active in the daytime and at night, tartaric snake eats mainly young birds which it steals from nests, and lizards. If the snake in danger, she blew up the front part of the body, revealing a bright color, which, as a rule, usually hidden, and widely opens his mouth.
capybara spends a lot of time in the water and is an excellent swimmer and diver. It has on the front and hind legs, webbed fingers. When she swims on the water are only visible eyes, ears and nostrils. Capybaras eat plant foods, including aquatic plants and molars in these animals grow throughout life, to counteract the wear from chewing. Capybaras live in families, they are active at dawn and dusk. In areas where they are often disturbed, capybaras can lead nocturnal. Males and females look alike, but the males on the nose there is iron, which is more than in females. They mate in the spring, and after 15-18 weeks of pregnancy in the litter can be 2 baby. Kids at birth are well developed.
Brazilian tapirs can almost always be found near water bodies. These animals are good swimmers and divers, but also they quickly move on the ground, even on rough and mountainous terrain. Tapirs have dark brown color. Their hair is short, but from the back of the neck down growing mane. Thanks to mobile snout, tapir feeds on leaves, buds, twigs and small branches that tapir breaks trees and fruits, grasses and aquatic plants. The female gives birth to one mottled striped baby after pregnancy, which lasts from 390 to 400 days.