• filimonovo toy
The story about one of the handicrafts, which does not allow to die only a small group of enthusiasts.
Konstantin and Helena Kehaidi for 30 years engaged in the production Filimonovsky clay toys. They say fishing for 700 years, and the first master Philemon was an escaped convict. He taught people to make clay toys in his honor named the village - Filimonovo. It is located in Odoevsky district of Tula region.
But the reality is not so romantic. In these places, infertile land, but a lot of unique bluish clay. Therefore, the inhabitants were engaged in pottery. Men molded pots, and women - clay toys. In general, toy manufacturing has always been a side business. Now the contrary, dishes no one is interested.
After the Revolution, a very famous fish began to die: trade in toys equated spekulyanstvu, for it imprisoned. 30 years ago there were only a few grandmothers, who could even sculpt in clay. And then to a small group of people decided to continue dying business.
Now filimonovo toy migrated in Odoev where it makes several families. In the Filimonovo nothing left, and gardeners are surprised when they learn that their country did once popular toy. Helena preform molds toys from clay, Konstantin been painted already baked in the oven toys
Clay is still mined in the vicinity Filimonovo and Odoev. Each toy is made from a single piece. This future lady with cocks
More recently, in one of the ravines in Filimonovo could see the ruins of a large mountain - pottery kiln. Now the toy is fired in an electric and not so big
Toy after the oven has brightened, now we need to paint it. This is done with aniline dyes. The fishery uses three colors - yellow, magenta, and green. Very rare purple and blue. Yellow is basic. It is applied with a wide brush and quite rude
The coloring depends on the imagination of the author. Truth in toys, there are similarities, certain patterns and murals - zigzags, Christmas trees, the sun, the berries. Once it was associated with paganism and amulets, now - the traditional drawing
After the yellow color is crimson. All the colors are transparent in its core, which makes it possible to obtain different colors for blending layers
Individuals or not drawn at all, or applied in small shtrishkami. This is due to the fact that in ancient times, afraid to jinx a man drawing a face. Original voodoo doll
Finally, apply a final, green. It is less likely. Previously, the color chosen on the basis of what was at hand
The main characters - young ladies, horsemen, soldiers and animals. By the way, every toy - a whistle. Do not make it for some reason, only roosters and turkeys
And this is all the manufacturing stage
In addition Filimonovsky, masters do more things from ceramics
A few toys from the local museum
With the upcoming holiday
Wizard also work in art school. Teach children younger classes. Many children achieve very good results. One pupil won the Delphic Games (something like the Olympics, only in the field of art). The prize was about 120,000, which undoubtedly is a good motivation for the students.