Perelman learned to manage the Universe
Brilliant mathematician and gave his first sensational interview.
A year like Grigori Perelman, who proved the Poincare theorem, above which struggled for decades all scientists of the world, refused to award him the prize of one million dollars!
It is difficult to say that we, ordinary people, struck more: the fact that our scientist has bypassed all the others, or the fact that he refused to astronomical money! Immediately I wanted to ask, "What the rich baron doing ?!" As it turned out, Gregory lives in St. Petersburg, Khrushchev, with his mother, in fact mired in poverty ...
But he was not interested in what interests of ordinary men - money, wine, women ... Perelman was never married. Becoming a "millionaire hruschob" he closed from all over the world. Lives a hermit, rarely goes out with a shopping bag in a store. It communicates only with units close. Not shorn, not shaving, not cuts nails.
The paparazzi were on duty at the threshold of his house, but Perelman, hardly spotted "outsider", literally gave tear. Achieve a personal meeting with Mr. Perelman failed even to any journalist. Now in America, a book about Perelman American journalist who ... have not been able to meet with him, but for days and would sit outside his door. However, recently one lucky all the same luck. He is not only able to communicate with a great mathematician, but ... got his consent to the shooting of the film it! We talked with that reach out to the hearts of man Perelman - executive producer of the film company in Moscow "President-film" Alexander Zabrovskaya. And with his permission we publish extracts from interviews Perelman, who gave the film company.
Zabrovskaya: "Perelman - absolutely normal person"
Alexander Zabrovskaya - a professional journalist who once worked in Moscow, then moved to Israel, where he opened his own studio independent investigations. In parallel cinema. Actually, I asked at the time to do Zabrovskaya riddle Perelman help to interview a brilliant scientist. It seemed to me that a mathematician does not trust the Russian media. And Alexander brilliantly coped with the task, in fact, decided to shoot his film about him.
- I made a special trip from Tel Aviv, here to meet a mathematician, - says Alexander. - I knew that he was no one talking, but we decided to go to the end. I got in touch with the Jewish community in St. Petersburg. Through her, we went first to the mother Gregory, to help her.
Then my mother spoke to her genius son, we are well described. And Gregory trusted us. He told me that he does not communicate with Russian journalists due to the disrespectful attitude towards him. For example, in the press it is called "Grisha." And this familiarity, it hurts. Journalists occupies why renounced million? Do not shear nails? And this man - a philosopher, genius. He is interested in global issues ...
Gregory agreed first to meet me. I called to him: "Gregory, I want to clarify a meeting place." "Square opposite the Mariinsky Theater. At twelve o'clock at the monument to Glinka. " Gregory walked slowly, sat down on the bench ... Messages that on the heels of Perelman roam the paparazzi, are greatly exaggerated. No one guard. He calmly walking come into place.
We were on everyone's mind, but no, we do not interfere, do not come and did not ask Gregory autograph. We had a great talk. He impressed absolutely sane, healthy, adequate and normal person. Realistic, pragmatic and sensible, but not devoid of sentimentality and excitement ... all that he was credited in the press that he "can not imagine" - complete nonsense! He knows what he wants and knows how to get things done. We talked with him two o'clock in succession - an unusually interesting conversationalist. He liked that I was not interested in the details of his everyday life and problems of scientists in general, in the world scale. Perelman agreed to participate in writing the script of the future movie "Formula of the Universe." And also, perhaps, the fragment of his interview in the film. Sam Gregory expressed a desire to collaborate with the University of Massachusetts professor Sylvia Nasar. We went to Sylvia and entered into a contract with her. Perelman showed it. In general, the work moves. But not as fast as we would like. I am responsible for fundraising. I carry on negotiations with the United States on the partial financing of the film.
In his film, which we are doing together with Perelman, we want to talk about cooperation and confrontation of world's three major mathematical schools: Russia, China and the US, the most advanced on the path of study and control of the universe. American scholar of Hamilton and Perelman, the Russian made most importantly - find a way to understand the shape of our universe. The film - about the knowledge of the universe and the people to know it. The ethical "standards" in science, on scientists forced conformism ... When asked why Perelman refused the million, he said, they say, what a million dollars for the person controlling the universe?
Fragments of an interview with
- Gregory, still in high school, you were in the USSR Mathematical Olympiad in Budapest. And they took the gold medal ...
- In preparation for the Olympics, we tried to solve the problem, which was a prerequisite for the ability to think abstractly. This abstraction from mathematical logic and has been a major point of daily workouts. To find the right solution, it was necessary to imagine "a piece of the world." - Not quite difficult for students?
- Speaking of conditioned and unconditioned reflexes, the infant from birth knows the world. If you can train your arms and legs, why not train the brain?
- And do not remember if any problem then, seemingly unsolvable?
- Undecidable ... Perhaps not. Intractable. Exactly. Remember the Biblical legend of how Jesus walked on water, like a dry land. So I had to calculate the speed with which he had to move in the waters, so as not to fall.
- The calculations were correct?
- Well, if the legend is still there, then, and I was not mistaken. There's no particular mystery. Thanks to our teachers, we are already well studied topology - science allows us to understand the properties of space and manipulate formulas, understand their practical value, which helps to achieve fast and accurate results. By the way, I did not think the victory at the Olympics some momentous event - it was just one of many steps in the knowledge of his beloved science.
Could be a musician
- Do you know that I had to smash his head, choosing a profession?
- How so?
- I had no right to do exams in any educational institution of the Soviet Union. That ranged between mechmath and conservatory. Chose the math ... I am now very interested to remember my student years. We have so much time to then ... learning process exciting ... We forgot about the days of the week and time of year.
- In the twenty-odd years you say a new word in science ...
- There are no words I did not say ... just continue to explore the problems of studying the properties of three-dimensional space of the universe. It is very interesting.
- trying to grasp the immensity? - That's right ... Just because any obyatno immense too. He wrote a thesis under the guidance of Academician Aleksandrov. The subject was simple: "Saddle surfaces in Euclidean geometry." Can you imagine in the infinity of equal and evenly spaced apart surface? We need to measure "depression" among them.
- That's the theory?
- This is the practice. For some orbiting spacecraft will fly to the constellation Venatici? What obstacles will meet on your way ... Want it even easier? Should I mow the hay between the three hills? How many people and machines necessary for this? Ministry of Agriculture, it turns out to nothing. There is a formula. Benefit. Consider. And no crises are not afraid of you.
- And if it is scholasticism?
- The wheel, an ax, a hammer, an anvil - anything you like, but not scholasticism. Let's face it. Features of modern mathematics lies in the fact that it was studying an artificially invented objects. Not in the nature of multidimensional spaces, no groups, rings and fields, whose properties are hard to study mathematics. And if the technique is constantly creating new devices, all kinds of devices, even in mathematics are their counterparts - logical techniques for analysts in any field of science. And all the mathematical theory, if it is severe, sooner or later is used. For example, many generations of mathematicians and philosophers have tried to axiomatize philosophy. As a result of these efforts was a theory of Boolean functions, named for an Irish mathematician and philosopher George Boole. This theory has become the core of cybernetics and general theory of management, which, together with the achievements of other sciences have led to the creation of computers, today's sea, air and space vehicles. Such examples are the history of mathematics It provides dozens.
- This means that each of your theoretical development has practical significance?
- Of course. Why do so many years had to wrestle with the proof of the Poincaré conjecture? Merely the gist of it can be summarized as follows: if the three-dimensional surface in something similar to a sphere, it can spread to the sphere. "The formula of the Universe," the statement Poincare called because of its importance in the study of complex physical processes in the theory of the universe and due to the fact that it provides an answer to the question of the shape of the universe. It plays this proof a large role in the development of nanotechnology.
- So, "cheerful", "life-affirming" reports "pioneers" of this industry ...
- Absolute rubbish and nonsense. Trying to build a house on the sand ... I learned how to calculate the void, together with my colleagues we know the mechanisms of filling the social and economic "voids". Void is everywhere. They can be calculated, and it gives a great opportunity ... I know how to control the universe. And tell me - why should I run for a million ?!
Perelman interested intelligence agencies of the world
As we said a representative of the security services, intelligence officers do not issue from Perelman's mind. And they are interested in not only our security services, but also in other countries. As explained, Gregory actually walks ahead of today's world science. He learned some Psychometric help to understand the universe.
Our universe has appeared in the explosion. In fact, from the point. Its point and can be reduced. How to do it - he knows Perelman. And then-then there are new questions and challenges: what would happen if his knowledge will find practical expression? Is a Perelman, or rather, his knowledge, threat to mankind? After all, if you can collapse the universe into a point, and then expand it with the help of his knowledge, then we can die or be reborn in some capacity ?! And then we'll Do it ?! And do we need to do to control the universe? After all, we have already our earthly ball mercilessly dirtied? They say Perelman himself understands the scale of what he discovered. He calls himself a "man of the universe." And, as they say, is afraid for his safety. After all, his clever head, already estimated at a million dollars, is worth much more! Last year, Perelman wrote in an e-mail Sylvia Nasar, their soavtorshe movie "Formula of the Universe" that his American teacher Hamilton invited him to permanently move to live in the States ... When it many years ago in America, along with Hamilton struggled with the mystery of the universe, he already had the opportunity to stay in America.
But he came back. At home, in poverty. And it is here that it had an epiphany - made his great discovery ...