GeoFresher - Amazing Halong Bay
• GeoFresher - Amazing Halong Bay
Halong Bay - a natural wonder and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Vietnam. During the 120-kilometer coastline of Bai Chay Beach, there are about three thousand rocks and islands. In addition, there are coral reefs, mangrove forests, small freshwater lakes, forests, growing in marshes, and, of course, sandy beaches.
by its very name Halong Bay is already beckoning to travel. The name can be pronounced in different ways: "descending dragon bay" or "Where the dragon descended into the sea", in Vietnamese, it sounds like Vịnh Hạ Long.
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According to local legend, when the Vietnamese people fought against the Chinese invaders, the gods sent a family of dragons to protect the earth. Dragons began to spit out the precious stones, which turned into the islands and islets, forming a protective wall.
Thanks to them, the people defended their land and founded a state, then called Vietnam. Later, the dragons also decided to settle here. The place where the dragon-mother went down to the sea and the coast with its tail broken into thousands of pieces, became known as Ha Long, and the place where later her children - Bai Tu Long. Locals still believe that in the Gulf of living dragon.
is one of the most beautiful places on Earth, Halong Bay is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list. Called the eighth wonder of the world, it covers an area of almost one and a half thousand square kilometers. Most of the islands are uninhabited and almost were not exposed to humans. Permanent residents are on two large islands - Tuan Chau and Cat Ba.
On some islands there are fishing villages, in the local waters are inhabited by nearly 200 species of fish and 450 species of mollusks. The names of many islands are interpretations of their unusual shape, for example: islands Voi (elephant), Ga Choi (game-cock), Mai Nha (roof). All names have 989 islands.
Another attraction of Ha Long - the cave three types formed below the groundwater level, formed by rocks and caves formed by the sea. The largest cave in the bay - Hang Dau Go cave or Wood Stolobov.
The name of the cave was due to the historical fact - in 1288 General Tran Hung Dao kept here wooden stakes to protect the bay from the invaders. At the end of the 19th century French tourists called it the Cave of Wonders. It consists of three large chambers with numerous stalactites and stalagmites (as well as with French graffiti-19th century). Therefore, up to the cave, you can really feel like in a fairy tale. Other well-known caves in Halong bay is a grotto and cave Hanghan Bona.
Another feature of Halong Bay is the abundance of lakes inside the islands. For example, Dau Be on the island there are 6 closed lakes. They are all in sinkholes.
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