10 most polluted cities in the world
The world does not stand still, and the number of people is increasing every year. All acute problem of food, clothing, and other material goods: factories work 24/7, there are all new and new inventions - and the old are sent straight to landfill. Things get old, people buy something new, enterprises continue to produce home appliances, cars, cigarettes, computers, pouring waste directly into the nearest body of water.
And the larger the city, grew up around the production center, the more people live and suffer from terrible pollution, which sooner or later leads to their death. Practically every metropolis of the world can be considered dirty, not very suitable place for the good life. But there is a city with such a level of pollution that scientists carry them in a separate list. Here are 10 of the most dismal in terms of ecology places on the planet where to live is not recommended to anyone.
Due to urbanization and population growth, the city of Addis Ababa is facing a shortage of fresh water and insanitary conditions tough. Ground water contaminated by industrial and municipal waste. The origins of the rivers, which for years served as a source of drinking water, found high levels of chromium.
Mumbai is the eighth city in the world in terms of population: it is home to as many as 12, 7 million people - and it is only according to official figures .. The roads serve more than 70 0000 private vehicles per day, which is not only the wild jams, but also a strong air pollution. The noise level in general can not be described. and noise pollution. Also, however, as the percentage of nitrogen oxide in the air, which leads even to acid rain.
The majority of premature deaths in New Delhi due to the strong air pollution. According to the report of the World Health Organization, made back in 2014, New Delhi holds the first place among all cities in the world in 1600: the level of air pollution is 10 times higher than the maximum allowed.
Experts claim that breathing in Mexico is comparable to the smoking of two packs of cigarettes a day. Now the status of the city a little better, but still in the 90 years the United Nations has stated that the air here can kill birds flying by.
Due to unreliable electricity networks, residents of Port-au-Prince prefer to use diesel generators as a viable alternative. In addition, they actively use coal and anything else that is lit for cooking. These factors, plus a habit of burning garbage and enough congestion make Port-au-Prince is not the most pleasant city to live.
Norilsk - the world's largest center for the processing of heavy metal. 4 million tons of cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, arsenic, selenium and zinc released into the air each year. The city is so dirty that the inhabitants suffer from dozens of diseases: there is the highest probability of cancer, lung disease, blood, skin diseases and even depression. Vegetation does not exist, berries and mushrooms are poisonous, since the air contains large amounts of sulfur dioxide.
In Dhaka, there are up to 95% of the officially registered in the country of tanneries. These enterprises are obsolete and dumped in the River to 22,000 cubic liters of toxic waste every day. One of these toxins - hexavalent chromium, which causes cancer.
The population of Pakistan Karachi - 22 million people. Even without industrial plants, such a number of people simply drowns the natural environment in their own waste. Waste products from textiles, plastics and skin floating in the drain water chemical plants. 8,000 tons of solid waste dumped into the Arabian Sea on a daily basis.
Mailu-Suu - mining town in the south of Kyrgyzstan, is known as one of the most polluted places in the world: this is where the radioactive waste were brought from all over the Soviet Union.
Coal mining in the whole territory of the Chinese province Linfen making it one of the worst cities in the world. If the 1980 Mexico City residents smoked two packs of cigarettes a day without any cigarettes, there is residents still consume the amount of carcinogens that are comparable with the three batches. The vast majority of suffering from cancer and chronic lung problems.