96 years since the birth of Leonid Gaidai
• 96 years since the birth of Leonid Gaidai
Leonid Gaidai was born January 30, 1923 in Free Amur province, but soon the family moved to Irkutsk. His father was from a family of serfs in 1908, took the blame for someone else's crime - took pity on many children's father - and was sentenced to hard labor in the Amur railway. With his wife Maria met on correspondence - one of the convicts decided to introduce Job with his sister, and sent his photo. After his release, he married, he worked on the railroad, and thought that his children will continue his work - in the family had two sons and a daughter, but no one went to his father's footsteps.
Leonid Gaidai graduated from the Irkutsk railway school, and two days after the war broke out the exhaust. By that time, as a future director was drafted into the army, he was already a year as a laborer at the scene evacuated from Moscow Satire Theater. At first, directed by Leonid Gaidai was sent to Mongolia - wild horses to go round to the front. Then he was sent to explore the Kalinin Front, which was severely wounded, stepped on a mine. In 1942 he was awarded the medal "For Service in Battle".
After the war, Leonid Gaidai graduated from the VGIK and began to work. After the first independent film of his two years removed from the director's chair for the bureaucracy ridiculed satirical movie "Bride from the dead." Edits from the censorship was so much that after cutting out all the unwanted movie scenes turned into a short.
Back to the profession allowed only for "correct" a film about the Komsomol "Three times the resurrected". After his boss Leonid Gaidai studio is simple, but this film the director subsequently tried not to mention it.
A scene from the film "Three times the resurrected".
VGIK Gaidai met a student of acting faculty Nina Grebeshkova. She became his wife - the first and only. The couple lived together for forty years, had a daughter, Oksana. Neither daughter nor granddaughter do not follow in their footsteps - both gone into the economy.
The first success came to Leonid Gaidai after short comedy "Dog Mongrel and unusual cross" and "Bootleggers". In 1961, "Dog Mongrel" was shot by unpretentious feuilleton in verse, which the director read in the newspaper "Pravda". The fact that he was nominated for the "Palme d'Or" at the Cannes Film Festival as the best short film was a surprise for everyone. In this short film, the first appearance on the screen of the famous trio - Coward, Bobby and Experienced.
After a few years out three films that made by Leonid Gaidai's famous, popular and favorite director Soviet viewers - "Operation" Y "and other adventures Shurik", "Kidnapping, Caucasian Style" and "The Diamond Arm".
In the list of 20 leaders in the history of the Soviet hire "The Diamond Arm" and "Prisoner of the Caucasus" took second and third place, "Operation" Y "," only a little behind - her seventh.
In the seventeenth place was another film directed by Leonid Gaidai - "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Occupation". This is an absolute record - no director did not take in the rankings just four positions.
Leonid Gaidai loved working with the same actors. Most often, he starred George Vitsin and Victor Ural - the actors appeared in ten films of the director. Nine films the director made his wife Nina scalloping. Eight films played the role of Sergei Filippov, seven times starring Leonid Gaidai Leonid Kuravlev his namesake and Yuri Nikulin. The six films appeared Pugovkin Michael, Michael and Natalia Kokshenov Krachkovskaya. Actor Demyanenko Alexander starred in all three jobs Gaidai, but his name became associated with it films of this director.
Celebrities Shurika director wrote to himself. He wanted to create a new positive character of Soviet cinema - a ridiculous kind bespectacled, which is absolutely not adapted to everyday life and has everything goes wrong.
Leonid Gaidai had two signs. First, he always broke the plate before filming began, and if the dish is not broke - work postponed. Second, the director thought that black cats bring good luck to him. His black charms appear in the film "Operation" Y "," "The Diamond Arm" and "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes His Profession."
Leonid Gaidai sometimes starred in episodes of his films. In "Three times the resurrected" played an inventor in "Diamond Hand" visible only to his feet - he was drunk, which Gorbunkov Semen found in the alley, in the "Twelve chairs" played archivist Bartholomew Korobeinikova. The last role was in his own last film - "On Deribasovskaya good weather or on Brighton Beach Raining Again", where he appeared in the form of crazed casino player.
In 2012, a monument in Irkutsk Leonid Gaidai. He is part of the whole sculptural composition - standing trio Coward, Bobby and Experienced and next Leonid Gaidai sits on the director's chair, whose legs perched Dog Mongrel with a stick of dynamite in his mouth. Another monument to legendary comedians standing in free - at home director.