10 facts about the Valley of Death, which you might not know
Death Valley seems to place lives up to its name. It is an eerie place in the United States on the border of California and Nevada. The valley is an intermountain basin in the area of the Mojave Desert and Great Basin.
Death Valley is a place of abnormally high temperatures, yet its name is misleading. In fact, in this place full of life. Here are 10 facts about Death Valley that you could not know.
1. Temperature warning.
In the summer of 2001 in Death Valley to keep the temperature of 38 ° C for 154 days. Temperature record in the Valley of 56, 7 ° C, 10 July 1913 recorded year.
2. Sailing stones.
One of the biggest mysteries of Death Valley is a curious movement of rocks and boulders. The movement of the stones remained a mystery, but now scientists believe that the cause of motion has increased, but the thin patches of ice formed when freezing in the previous frosty nights.
3. Death Valley was once a lake.
It's hard to believe, but one of the hottest and driest places on Earth, was once covered with water. It happened about 12,000 years ago during the Pleistocene ice age.
4. Death Valley got its name.
During the California Gold Rush, countless gold hunters were trying to cross Death Valley to reach the gold fields, hoping to make his fortune. Not all have succeeded. In 1849, a group of people get lost in the valley, but still managed to get out. Leaving the valley, one of the women in the group turned around and exclaimed, "Good-bye, Death Valley!", Thus giving it its present name.
5. Charles Manson.
Barker Ranch is - an old ranch located deep in the valley where the serial killer Charles Manson planned his crimes and hiding from persecution.
6. The underground catacombs.
Indians for centuries kept the legend of the man who had gone in search of his missing wife and found himself in a large underground amphitheater. Just folklore? However, many people have reported finding underground caverns and catacombs of the valley directly below.
7. A hole of the devil and the rarest fish in the world.
This is the dark water-filled chasm in the limestone cave. Scientists believe that it was formed 60 thousand years ago. And there lives a rare fish Devils Hole pupfish.
8. The crater in the valley.
Ubheb crater is a large volcanic crater almost kilometer wide and over 230 meters in depth.
9. Death Valley filmed Star Wars.
Saga fans know that the valley has become a platform for shooting a dozen scenes of the film. Arid desert was the perfect place to shoot the planet Tatooine.
10. The desert colors.
Hard to believe, but in the valley you can find the whole field of beautiful wildflowers. Yellow, pink, purple paint diluted with the dry and hostile landscape.