10 seats in the Crimea, which are sure to look out for
The Crimean Peninsula is unique in its historical and cultural reserve. Here, for centuries intertwined culture of different peoples living in the area. Especially clearly traced the history of confrontation between civilizations of East and West in the Crimea - is the story of the Greek colonizers and the nomads of the Golden Horde, the first Christians and Muslims, who built here the church and the mosque.
But Crimea - is not only rich in historical events dot on the map. It is still beautiful and diverse nature, is considered the best place for recreation and tourism in the USSR, in which the Crimea is rightly called the "All-Union health resort." At that time, more than a hundred Crimean resorts rested for up to 8 million people per year. To view all Crimean Peninsula attractions will take more than one month, but we offer the ten places you must visit in the first place.
The Swallow's Nest
This menacing looking Gothic castle, located on the cliff, in fact, was not built in the era of the Dark Ages, and only a hundred years ago - in 1912. This plan ordered German industrialist Baron von Stengel, who requested that his "dacha" his appearance reminded him of his homeland. At the outbreak of World Baron immediately sold the castle, and after the reconstruction of the structure turned into an outdoor restaurant.
Submarine Base in Balaklava
top-secret submarine base is located ten kilometers from Sevastopol in the resort town of Balaklava. For security reasons, still under construction, which began in 1957, a secret facility was named City telephone station number 825 or GTS 825. This is a huge underground structure, the area of all buildings of more than 5000 square kilometers. In 1994 the station was closed, and after the annexation of Crimea is a museum dedicated to this database.
One of the most popular tourist spot on the map of the Crimean peninsula. Once it was located a Greek temple of St. Peter's (Ai-Petri in Greek), the ruins of which are preserved to this day. On top of the mountain can be reached by cable car, recognized, by the way, the longest in Europe. From the highest point of the mountain called Roca (1346 meters) offers stunning views of the Yalta mountain-reserve and coast of the Crimean peninsula.
One of the most mysterious places on the southern coast of Crimea. The unique landscape of Karadag formed lava flows, last erupted volcano Kara-Dag (Black Mountain), more than 150 million years ago. In 1979, the reserve was set up here, designed to preserve the unique flora and fauna of the place, many species of which are included in the Red Book.
It was the name of the city for more than two and a half thousand years ago, founded by the Greeks. It is here, in the city where he once housed a great number of monasteries and Orthodox churches, Prince Vladimir was baptized. Today the ruins of Khersones or "Russian Pompey" attracts researchers and tourists from around the world. In 1892, the Archaeological Museum was opened here, which has collected a lot of valuable artifacts from the ancient city. And later he founded the state reserve.
At the top of Shagan-Kai at an altitude of 1450 meters is a stone gazebo, built in 1956. its floor mosaic depicts a wind rose, due to which a gazebo and got its name. It offers a stunning view of Mount Ayu-Dag Gurzuf, Partenit and the Black Sea, which on a clear day can be seen at 150 kilometers. Next to the pergola is a cave in which, even in the hottest weather reigns winter and snow.
The fortress "Kerch" Fort Totleben
The fortress on the coast of the Kerch Strait, it was decided to build a bypass of the Paris Peace Treaty, prohibiting Russia have a navy, and ports on the Black Sea. Central fort grand structure is named in honor of the general who led the construction of fortifications. And to date, the fortress "Kerch" is an excellent example of what impregnable fortification erected in the mid 19th century. Currently, "Kerch" guided tours and study its experts - some of the extensive underground passages beneath it so still and did not really explored.
Demerdzhi - that from the Tatar means "smith" - it is beautiful, like a medieval castle mountain in the northern part of Alushta valley. On its western slope is the so-called Valley of ghosts. Here, at the ruins of the fortress, located more than one hundred stone sculptures resembling their outlines human and animal figures. And if you climb to the top of the mountain, with a height of over 1200 meters offers scenic views of the surrounding area.
Until the end of the eighteenth century the population of the Tarkhankut peninsula was small, only a few hundred inhabitants, mostly engaged in agriculture. The changes began after in 1784 part of the land was handed over to Major General VS Popov, who established the local economy. Cape Situated on a peninsula attracts many divers, archaeologists and tourists. Underwater archaeologists find here priceless artifacts of ancient times, when there lived Scythians and Greeks.
The Genoese fortress in Sudak
In those days, when the Crimean coast from Bosporus to Chersonesus belonged to merchants from Genoa and Venice, Zander was chosen by them as a military base. Then, in 1371, and the construction of the famous Genoese fortress began. Currently, the castle is a unique historical monument. In its territory to carry out scientific research and restoration work, lead tours.