Rare pictures - summer 1941 in Moscow
• Rare pictures - summer in Moscow in 1941
All these pictures are united authorship and time - they did fotokorra "Life" 37-year-old Margaret Burke-White (Margaret Bourke-White, 1904-1971) in wartime Moscow in July-August 1941.
The environment in which she worked, was truly unique - because with the onset of war, the shooting mode is strongly tightened, and for unauthorized somku on the streets, as well as for not handed over the camera, relied unambiguous Tribunal.
However, it was in special circumstances: on the eve of his arrival in Moscow, special envoy of US President Harry Hopkins (and this visit was considered by Stalin at the moment as the overarching) it was granted de facto carte blanche for filming images belligerent Soviet Union to the authoritative magazine transatlantic ally (US ), who was able to have a positive impact on public opinion of the country.
For the first time in the history of Soviet foreign correspondent bourgeois country (without any intermediaries in the form of the official photographers) it was not just admitted to the study of the mysterious leader of the West, but also took it to undress, chamber environment near.
The raid on the capital of the Luftwaffe began on July 22 and Margaret was able to remove one of the first - on 26 July.
An even more spectacular shot.
The saleswoman gazvody and Muscovites, July 1941.
Moscow in July 1941, has not led a peaceful life and still largely rebuilt in the hard rhythm that is familiar to us from images of war. As we remember from the sequence of events, the peaceful life of the capital is completely finished on 14-15 October 1941 - after the grand Moscow panic, looting shops, looting on the streets - the introduction of a state of siege and the evacuation of the basic structure Commissariats in Kuibyshev.
In the stadium, July 1941 (more matches were held).
The Soviet tankers.
They also, in the genre of photo portrait.
The soldiers on the truck. Judging by the age of many of them, perhaps, is the militia.
Symbolic photo to the topic "Russian women" or "toilers of home front", someone as comfortable was incorporated after the war in the western photo albums. It plays a lot and often, and even during the Yeltsin 90th cover story served as the cover of "Time".
The image Manezhnaya Square with Kremlin view from the room "National". The place where the tomb of the Unknown Soldier now obstructed.
Education medical orderlies, August 1941
Empty Margaret and the holy of holies, forbidden to ordinary filming place - the Moscow metro. This - at the station "Mayakovskaya", at a time when Muscovites fled from another air attack. Usually raids began late in the evening, with the onset of the summer twilight. On the ways of standing motionless train. As you can see, to accommodate small children in advance procured typical cradle-topchanchiki wood. And again, women young and middle-aged man dressed up relatively well.
Login on the escalator. Judging by the composition of the people, it happens more during the day, during normal metro operation. Some look back on an unusual sight - a photographer inside the subway.
arranged for Margaret and the meeting with the then Chief of Staff of the Western Front, is on the cusp of the main attack and waging heavy battles near Smolensk, Sokolovsky (future Marshal of the Soviet Union). Then he was still lieutenant general.
This photo of General Sokolovsky, apparently made at a banquet in honor of the American delegation, and during a meeting with the Americans. In his hand he clamped a cigarette.
The old Bolshevik Solomon Lozovsky (Dridze), the Soviet Information Bureau Director and Deputy People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs (Molotov) all the years of the war, in combination - the organizer of the JAC (Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee). He will be arrested in 1949 and executed in 1952.
Harry Hopkins (1890-1946), a trustee and a personal friend of US President Roosevelt, who took on the mission of negotiating with Stalin and the Soviet Union after the persistent request of the President.
Generally, it is at this point - a very sick man, but his mission is accomplished with honor and gradually win the confidence of both Stalin and Churchill. More than once he arrives in Moscow. The picture was taken just before the meeting with Stalin 31/07/1941. Hopkins - right and left - the military attaché of the US Embassy in the USSR Maknarni.
Hopkins' visit to Moscow in late July - early August 1941 can be seen as a clear breakthrough in US-Soviet relations. Daily flight Hopkins, most of which he spent in the rear compartment of the aircraft in the gunner's chair, of course, was the act of a brave man. Hopkins after surgery to remove a cancerous tumor in his stomach could maintain a life only with a special diet and timely medication in 1938.
In Moscow, Hopkins met with Stalin and other leaders of the Soviet state. He wanted to know, "how long will Russia". The Soviet side to learn more about him on the progress and prospects of the hostilities on the Soviet-German front was provided with a list of weapons and materials to the Soviet Union in the first place.
The following two pictures - spontaneous and unplanned, made on 31 July. We traveled somewhere in Moscow on the "Buick", and one of the cars had a flat tire. And Margaret took the hitch and removed
From left to right - Maknarni, Hopkins, US Ambassador Steinhardt.
Scene during wheel change.
Harry Hopkins and Joseph Stalin. Both are with cigarettes in their hands.
A series of photos made by Margaret Burke-White about 9 pm July 31, 1941 in Stalin's office. This was an unprecedented event - unless, of course, lead the countdown time since Stalin full power in the state, about 1929. Let us turn to the magazine of the working visits of Stalin's Kremlin office. Recording from July 31, 1941:
1. Hopkins 18.35-21.00
2. Potrubach 18.35-20.55
3. Petrov 20.45-20.55
4. Vlasic 20.45-20.55
5. Margaret Borkuait 20.45-20.55
Harry Hopkins - an emissary of Roosevelt - led by Stalin, the most important negotiations on the establishment of a framework of allied relations; Potrubach - a translator, Vlasic - the head of Stalin's protection, and Petrov - adjutant. And Margaret. There was nobody else.
slightly different projection from the side.
near Stalin. There are several lighting conceals pockmarks, but in the pictures below, they are clearly visible.
Another projection, a little below.
And one more option.
All successful versions of Stalin filming were subsequently used in Life magazine. Here intermediate "clipping" for publishing the image