The plane, which was ahead of time
• The plane, which was ahead of time
Futuristic look of the aircraft beginning in doubt. It really was? Created in 40 years? And even fly?
Northrop XB-35 / Northrop YB-35- pilot (XB-35) and pre-production (YB-35) bomber layout "flying wing" production Northrop Corporation. Design work began in September 1941, research and development have been completed before the end of 1945, the first flight took place on June 25, 1946.
The aircraft was fitted with four radial engines air cooling Pratt & Whitney Wasp Major - two types of R-4360-17 and two types of R-4360-21 with a capacity of 3000 liters. from. each, all the engines have also been fitted with turbochargers General Electric, was calculated on the delivery of 10,000 pounds (4,540 kg) of bombs at a distance of 5500 km.
The design range of flight with combat load was to reach 12 400 km. To cool the engine in the front edge of the wing were made gap through which air is introduced into a special discharge chamber. The defensive armament Northrop XB-35 was composed of 20 caliber machine guns M2 Browning 12, 7 mm. All of them were located in a streamlined, remote-controlled dogs. On prototypes were installed only barbet, without guns. The upper and lower barbettes and aft Rifle point (nicknamed "hornet bellied" and similarly arranged) should contain gun 4, and the four wing Barbet (two upper and two lower) - to 2. Barbet arrows remotely controlled by the synchro telemechanical chains.
Later the aircraft was upgraded to a model Northrop YB-49 with the installation of a jet engine. After closing all aircraft programs were scrapped.
In order to preserve the secrets of all the surviving "wings" were for 1950 crushed by bulldozers - barbarism, which has no name, no excuses. To date, in addition to old patterns and photos, material evidence of the existence in the early years of the aircraft program - flying wing, is the only surviving logkomotorny plane - an analogue of B-35, N9M, stored in the National Museum of Aviation and Astronautics, US.
Just then his time has not come yet. But the idea did not die. Flying wing revived in a new guise. But this is a completely different story.