Top 5 advanced weapons that are most needed the Russian Armed Forces
Subject selection by February 23 - the most useful developments in the modern Russian military-industrial complex.
In today's world, more and more are filled with various conflicts and wars, as "hot" and "cold", the power of the armed forces of a State becomes probably the main security factor. This applies to Russia, which has an uneasy relationship with many countries and leading a military campaign in the Middle East. Strength of the Russian army in the coming years must dramatically strengthen some new weapons systems, of which we highlight the 5 most important.
1. Fighter fifth-generation T-50 PAK FA
At this point, Aerospace Russian armed forces only 4th generation fighters such as the MiG-29 light and heavy Su-27, as well as the deeply modernized generation 4 ++ machines, such as the Su-30cm, Su-30M2 and Su-35S and so on. n. The last though and have a high efficiency, but on many parameters, such as the level of stealth radar, avionics capabilities, engine power, and so on. n., do not reach the criteria of the fifth generation. In this case, the United States already have a heavy fighter of the fifth generation F-22 Raptor in service to him will soon join and easy the F-35. China and Japan are also working on the creation of their cars. Russia, too, is not far behind - probably the smallest gap from the Americans is the fighter T-50 PAK FA (Sukhoi PAK FA).
The last flight of the aircraft prototypes already very close to the serial in the next few years, the first production models will adopt videoconferencing Russia. At the moment, most questions there is the engine T-50 - used until upgraded powerplant Su-35S - AL-41F1, which is somewhat lacking traction, but the main thing - the engine does not fully achieve the required level of radar stealth. The first flight with the new engine "Type-30" is planned at the end of 2017, however, to predict how long it will take to develop it - a thankless task as the creation of an entirely new power plant is often a very long and difficult process. It may well be delayed until mid-2020s. Nevertheless, T-50 PAK FA needed as the Russian army and the military-industrial complex, which can be very serious to make money on a new car. One needs only to recall the military-technical cooperation with India, wishing to obtain an export version of the aircraft - FGFA (Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft).
2 intercontinental ballistic missile RS-28, "Sarmat"
Development of heavy fuel oil of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) RS-28 "Sarmat" is essential for the Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN), the Russian Federation, as the shelf life of its predecessor, the R-36M2 "Voivod" is running out, and all the products of this type will scrapped in the early 2020s. In this modern lightweight solid carriers, such as "Topol-M" and the "yars" actively come into service, not fully implement the necessary criteria for nuclear deterrence. Their advantage is that these missiles can be placed on mobile launchers (in the future and railway), but light solid-fueled ICBMs bombarded at times less weight than their liquid fuel "colleagues".
ICBM "Sarmat" can carry at least 10 powerful nuclear warhead (about 750 kilotons of TNT) on intercontinental range. In addition, fewer payload, "Sarmat" will display warheads on suborbital trajectory, enabling them to fly at virtually unlimited distances. Due to this, Russian Strategic Missile Forces will be able to strike the territory of any opponent from any direction. This is important in the fight against the deployment of strategic missile defense system (NMD), USA. If conventional warhead ICBMs fly over the North Pole and is only required to cover this area, in the case of suborbital warhead, this approach does not work - you need to create a perimeter defense system, which requires huge financial resources.
3. The T-14 "Armata"
At this point, most modern tanks in the Russian army are modernized tanks of the third generation of the T-72B3 and T-90A. They, like their Western rivals, effectively destroyed with the help of anti-missile systems (even those that are developed in the years 1970-80), and the chances of survival of the crew, often small. In this regard, "Uralvagonzavod" is developing a new generation of tank T-14 on the basis of promising heavy tracked platform "Armata". From all the other tanks, it features a new layout - is now uninhabited turret (it is automatic loader guns and other weapons components), and the crew is located in an isolated bronekapsuly at the bottom of the tank. Such approach allows to markedly increase the survival of the crew, even under penetration of the tank (including the munitions during detonation own arranged in the machine). In addition, to protect the tank should the active protection system "Afgane", which by means of various sensors (radar, laser irradiation machine sensor and the UV sensor) should automatically recognize shooting enemy tanks or antitank means, to produce a smokescreen in the desired direction and knock special submunitions (shrapnel) flies shells and missiles.
For the first time the T-14 tanks were shown in 2015 at a military parade in Moscow, held in honor of the 70th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. From this point on the tank being tested in the Armed Forces of Russia, started production of the first trial batch of tanks batch of 100 units. For the future, voiced plans to acquire up to 2,300 of these machines for the Russian army. And, of course, the export prospects of the T-14 is also very good, especially considering the fact that it will cost a little cheaper or even western third generation tanks, or the same amount.
4. Hypersonic antiship missile "Zircon"
Russia and former Soviet Navy has always been "locked up" on defense rather than attack. In this regard, unlike the US, the USSR and Russia has never had a strong fleet of aircraft carriers. Instead, the rate has been made to fight the enemy carrier strike groups. To this were needed multipurpose submarines, destroyers and cruisers with powerful anti-ship missiles (ASM). That is why in the USSR and later in Russia, emphasis was placed on creating first supersonic (P-700 "Granite" P-1000 "Volcano" and so on. P.), And now hypersonic RCC.
Hypersonic anti-ship missile 3M22 "Zircon", according to some sources, is to go into production as early as 2018. According to reports, it can reach a speed of 5-6M (rate of 5-6 times the speed of sound) and hit targets at ranges of up to 400 km. "Cubic Zirconia" plan to equip heavy cruisers Project 1144 "Orlan" and promising multi-purpose nuclear submarines.
Such hypersonic RCC dangerous to the enemy so that it is very difficult to bring down with the help of air defense / missile defense systems of the ship, besides the rapid flight of the rocket leads to a noticeable reduction in the response time - the crew need to make the best decision in a matter of minutes (if not seconds, is if the start was not detected immediately).
5. The S-500 missile defense system
To date, Russia has several types of weapons, capable of performing the task of missile defense (BMD). As for the strategic missile defense system, in this segment, there is only one system - it comes to missile defense in Moscow A-135. This system is able to intercept the warhead ICBMs enemy at a range of 100 km and an altitude of 30 km. The aim is destroyed by a nuclear explosion of small capacity. However, these interceptors are static and mines do not have mobility. In the segment of the TMD diversity more with the most modern representatives here are anti-aircraft missiles (SAM), S-400 and S-300V4. They are able to deal simultaneously with 16 missiles or enemy aircraft 24, while for the C-400 is currently the maximum range of target destruction is 250 km (after the adoption in the missile armament will 40N6E 400 km), and for C-300V4 - 400 km. However, the SAM is still not able to reliably cover the Russian objects on the medium-range missiles, and even more so from the warhead ICBMs enemy.
This task should handle new mobile air defense missile system S-500, which is developing a group of EKR "Almaz-Antey". It will be capable of extra-atmospheric intercept targets (at an altitude of 200 km), including low-orbit satellites. Above all, the S-500 is similar in capabilities US Aegis defense system, complete antimissiles SM-3 Block IB. Development of S-500 is very important, but its terms clearly tightened. If you said earlier about his readiness in 2016-2017 year, according to the latest official data, to adopt a new system into service is planned in 2020.