The genius of one painting: the tragic fate of the Russian landscape rodnonachalnika
• The genius of one painting: the tragic fate of the Russian landscape rodnonachalnika
The painting "The Rooks Have Arrived" - a true symbol of Russian nature. Its author, Alexei Savrasov, critics called the father of the national landscape, but the inhabitants acquainted with his work is usually limited only by this canvas. It happened so that the works Savrasov occurred not at the time, and the artist, with all my heart in love with the beauty of nature, turned away once all the critics. He was required to pay attention to serious social problems, but instead it year after year imprinted charm of winter sleep of nature and the mystery of its spring awakening.
Alexei Savrasov The Rooks Have Arrived 1871
Spring was a favorite time of year Alexei Savrasov. As soon as the snow began to descend, he immediately took up the job, feeling his soul rejoiced. His disciples he urged to write a lot and tirelessly, believing that it was a man in the spring, as in nature, there is a force for renewal.
Alexei Savrasov, A breath spring, 1890
Many critics called an artist Savrasov one apartment. You can often find the opinion that the "Rooks" were almost the only masterpieces. Writing canvas, he further alleged did not create anything significant, and therefore - washed down. And to find the money to buy food, I make copies of the painting and sold for a penny.
Alexei Savrasov, Rainbow 1875
Alexei Savrasov, Winter landscape, thaw. 1890
Alexei Savrasov, Rye 1881
In fact, Alexei Savrasov addicted to drinking after 50 years, and before that he was engaged in painting quite productive. He has trained several generations of students, becoming a mentor, in particular, to Isaac Levitan, Mikhail Nesterov and others.
Alexei Savrasov, Patio, winter. 1870
Savrasov with childhood showed talent for drawing, but my father, who dealt with trade, was not thrilled with the enthusiasm of his son. However, when Alyosha began briskly selling his youthful sketches in gouache and earn money tolerable, his attitude softened. Earnings allowed Savrasov in 14 years to come to study in the School of Arts, for which he pays the price. Savrasov at the start of a brilliant career, as early as age 24, he received the title of academician and major publications vying praised his paintings.
Alexei Savrasov, Moonlight. Landscape with fire, 1880-1890 th
Alexei Savrasov, View from the Dnieper in Kiev Pechersk Lavra on 1852
Criticism turned away from Savrasov at a time when the artistic arena came Repin, Perov, and other artists, whose paintings were full of accusatory pathos. Lyrics savrasovskogo landscape has become simply useless. Alexei Savrasov continued to write, but broke his diatribe. He found solace in alcohol, and in the twilight of his life began again to earn a living "redraw" "Rooks". their value does not exceed three rubles apiece.
Alexei Savrasov, Sunset, 1870
Alexei Savrasov, mudslides 1894