Aikido - a Japanese martial art. Aikido: description, equipment and reviews
For a long time it is popular in our society martial arts. Anyone who develops them, wants to understand as much as possible to learn the maximum number of methods and techniques. Such a wide range of skills you can teach aikido. This is a relatively new kind of martial art that originated in Japan in the early twentieth century. But he has absorbed in itself all the "cream" of various techniques, philosophies and practices.
Aikido - a martial art that originated in Japan in the first half of the twentieth century, and its founder is considered Morihei Ueshiba. Creating something of their own in the field, wise to learn all the universal and effective fighting techniques, self-defense, as well as philosophy, religion, and even mysticism. That is why there is a clear definition of what aikido - it let a merger with vital energy, or the process of harmonization and calm the spirit. The basis of the philosophy of this type of fight - especially protection rather than attack. Moreover, it takes into account here Uesibva protect not only himself, but also to the attacker. Currently, such a thing as a single Aikido technique has ceased to be relevant. In various parts of the world focuses on those or other methods and their philosophical foundations, there are the creators of a new subspecies of this martial art, styles and practices.
The exact date of the birth of Aikido - is in 1920, but a place - a town Ayabe. At this time, Morihei Ueshiba was at the stage of emotional failure, died of his father, and with it - two sons. He found solace, engaged in studying and applying the philosophy of religion Oomoto-kyo, which subsequently wag on laying the foundations of aikido. Soon his fame spread to all the surrounding towns and cities, as a brilliant teacher of martial arts. The number of its students has grown relentlessly. In 1922, Ueshiba associated with his mentor, who had previously taught him the art of Daito-ryu Aiki-jujutsu - Sokaku. Teacher come to Ayabe and helps his former best pupil so to speak, finally join the role of the spiritual and corporal mentor and become a master of aerobatics. Just six months later, Takeda Ueshiba presents a certificate and the one sent to their further journey through Japan. So in 1922 officially Morihei creates its own Budo and gives him the name of Aiki-bujutsu and Aikido.
The original Japanese aikido school, which was founded by the creator of this art form of combat, had its own unique philosophy. The fact that it's not even really a martial art, but rather thin, philosophy and religion. Morihei Ueshiba long studied traditional Japanese direction battle - ju-jutsu and ken-jutsu, and grasped the full-scale native calligraphy. On the basis of all this, he created his own battle system, or rather, avoiding the fight, which was in contrast with the traditional bu-jutsu (to kill). His aikido school teaches each student the same basics bu-jutsu, but draws them in aggression and not as a consequence - the murder, and the cessation of this aggression and the suppression of the enemy by means of methods that do not cause substantial harm to it.
According to Ueshiba, any manifestation of aggression and desire to kill resulted in massive disharmony. His own martial art purports to suppress forward his own strength, to draw her against him. Thus, the enemy on their own drops the idea and the people disperse, restoring harmony and harmony with each other.
certain moments can distinguish the technical side in the martial art. They are the practical basis of aikido and, initially, studying in theory, but only after the transfer to practice. The first - the spirit of unity Aiki, the second - the safety distance Ma-ah, the third - the withdrawal from the line of attack Tai Sabaki, the fourth - a conclusion opponent off balance kuzushi. Also among the main techniques of this battle can be called timely response, spiral movements, the use of the center of gravity, rotation, dynamics and impact on the enemy's point of balance. Another important point is the Ki Aikido - breathing and energy flow, which before the battle should be used to capture and process. In general we can say that Aikido is an art - which is based on the natural biomechanics of the human body. here also apply a minimum of acupressure on specific points, which are produced at the right time and for a particular vector.
Nowadays, popular and sought aikido for kids. It is even fashionable to take her child to such extra-curricular activities. And this can be found only advantages, as this type of martial art has a positive effect not only on the physical health of the child, but also on his spiritual growth and progress. The most important thing - is to find a club aikido, which will teach really good master, who himself perfectly mastered the technique and philosophy, and can properly present it to the younger generation. Martial arts are equally well trained and girls and boys. Initially, of course, the children go there with the hope that they can become supermen in the school and to put everyone on the shoulder. However, learning in this club, they become more informal leaders. Improves brain activity, increases performance in all subjects. Moreover, Aikido teaches children that aggression and pain - this is not something that will make them better.
Defense in the real world
What to do if you are attacked in your own backyard, when you come home late? What if you want to apply one of the martial practices, so to speak in real life? For this purpose it was created a real aikido, or a new martial art, which is completely based on the achievements of Ueshiba, but adapted to the modern world. The author of such techniques is a Serb - Ljubomir Vračarević. Equipment it is aimed at the most rapid neutralization hitter and further control over it. It should also be said that the real aikido - it's much tougher tricks, grabs and strikes, even though they are directed exclusively to self-defense. In the study of this type of martial arts, the hall pupils attack on each other in order to reproduce a real threat to learn and get rid of it properly.
Weapons and its value
In the classic version of Aikido weapon is actively used. The following attributes can be distinguished in the midst thereof:
- Bokken - wooden sword for practice.
- Tanto - knife 30 centimeters long.
- Tse - pole made of wood, the length of which is 128 centimeters.
- wakizashi - shortened sword.
- Naginata - long sword.
- Bo - stick of wood or metal. Its length - an individual matter, must reach from the floor to the fighter chin.
As for the real aikido, the use of weapons here, particularly such a unique, completely excluded. Use only modern, so to speak implements damaging - a pistol, a pocket knife, stick and even a bottle or a brick. Such items are handed over into the hands of someone who will play the role of attacker and fighter must defend against it.
The most common type of clothing, which was used for training in martial arts - kimono. Aikido is used, it can be said, the standard version of the garment, consisting of trousers and jacket. He called keikogi, which stands for "Keiko" - training, "Ki" - clothes. In Russia, the name known only to professionals in the industry, while the newcomers and fans often call this costume is simple and clear for us - kimono. Aikido, however, is sewn more dense and durable jacket, rather than to combat such species as, say, karate. This is necessary to ensure that a fighter can withstand strong grips and learn the weight of the enemy on yourself. In some suits even have special inserts that protect against certain practices.
Features jackets keikogi
Aikido jacket made of material with braided in two or three threads. Weight it depends on the size and ranges from 450 to 1000 grams. Structure soft collar, sleeves width - the average, not too large, and high odor. The edges of each shelf should reach the opposite side seam. The total length of the product - up to mid-thigh. Quality jacket-keikogi always has additional straps in the chest. They keep the suit in place even after the most severe seizures and strokes and do not let him move and swing open.
As for the pants, their structure is not different from the standard. True recently began to produce pants with pads on his knees for cushioning shocks and falls, it is believed that it is very convenient. Their length - up to mid-calf, the average landing. For black belts it is imperative that the pants during the fight is not peeking out from under the hakama, under any circumstances.