5 ways to get done during the day more
Guru of time management for years struggling with the techniques and technologies that would make our lives easier and allowed to keep up with the day to perform everything you wanted the night before. All methods tested in practice and extremely effective. We do not promise that you will have time to do them all-all-all (especially if your list of cases a day takes a notebook, written in small handwriting), but the results will be seen even ardent skeptics. Use any means as you are comfortable, and see how increasing your productivity.
and a half hours
Nathaniel Kleitman neuroscientist studying human mental activity for most of his life. He explored many volunteers came to the conclusion that a person does not work evenly, like a robot (though, for such a conclusion necessarily be neurophysiologist), and "irregular". Over a fairly long jump man keeps working capacity and productivity, and then he needs to take a break or distracted by something simpler, or activity will decline, and decline.
Kleitman also empirically established that all adults active period is about the same time - one and a half hours, plus or minus fifteen minutes.
Thus, the most effective things you need to plan it on the schedule. Concentrated work - 90 minutes. Then, a little rest. Leisure all require different times, and a lot depends on how you were distracted. If you drink a cup of tea and a chat with colleagues, then this one, and a walk down the street and change of impressions - is completely different. Ironically, recreation makes it easier to return to a new "leap of productivity". Keep this in mind. Shall describe your day so that every hour and a half to take a break - for lunch, meditation, walks, mini-sports or a favorite hobby. Even reading books for 15-20 minutes will help you get back in the fight for productivity with new forces.
Method 2. Big Three
The "Big Three" in this case - it is not receding red mark in the diary, which stands only as "satisfactory", but a way of concentrating on core tasks. For its implementation need to prepare in advance - it is better in the evening.
Reluctantly, select from all the problems of the largest 3, you must perform tomorrow blood from his nose. It can not be some kind of routine or simple task, for example, take the child out of kindergarten, but the importance it has, of course, is also off scale. We have in mind the complex and multi-case to work or home, on which you decide the most difficult and you run the risk of postponed for a couple of days just because it is very monumental they look. The annual report, cleaning the balcony, where things have not been reviewed for ten years, or familiarity with the parents of his young man perfectly suited.
Throw all their forces to solve these three problems. If you have a free moment - to meet these challenges. If you can move some other thing - decide to free time these tasks. If no strength left, and it seems that today you do not deal with them, - you still solve these tasks. There are only three, and as soon as you execute them, you can relax and breathe easy.
In the first few days, you may have something really do not have time, because the great challenges can accumulate a lot. Try not to use this as an excuse to postpone work on the big three the next day. One day - three cases. After a couple of days you will find that your big three heavily milled. Big thing will be only one, and the other two cases are mediocre, with which you quickly deal. When a new difficult task, it is also possible to carry out "alone" among businesses easier. In this method it is difficult to get involved at the beginning, since it requires a strong motivation for the first difficult days. However, as the first time on the way to the changes we are motivated the most. Use this to your advantage.
3. Method based on Zeigarnik effect
Zeigarnik effect has been described in the USSR pathopsychology Blum Zeigarnik. Briefly, its effect is to ensure that if you run at least a small piece of a large and complex task, it will remain on your subcortex and will constantly remind myself. And it is not a painful reminder (unless the deadline tomorrow, and you have not started it), and the special property of the brain to concentrate on any task without our command. In other words, if you "bite" is a tricky business even a little, it will continue to work at times easier with him.
So, to make the most multi-task, you need to take the first step, even if it is not chronologically the first. Evaluate fully the entire task that stands before you, and divide it into many small-stupenechek steps to be performed. Among them there are certainly options that do not require a large investment of effort, time and motivation. For example, if you need to organize a banquet for 100 people, start with the selection of tablecloths and flowers on the table.
As soon as you have made a small step, the subconscious mind will want to return to the already initiated proceedings, even if the move was far from his essence. A list mikrostupenkami that you've prepared, you will help. When the task is also still visualized and step - it is much easier to carry out, as it does not seem abstract.
4. The fourth method for small items
A huge number of our productive time routine and eat small things that do not, but at the same time could delay us for a long time. For example, to check work e-mail, view information about a certain topic on the Internet, go to a social network to connect with the right person ... Analyze your own time and think about what little things you take away the lion's share of time. In this you can help the timing.
Write down all the "small" things on a separate piece of paper and set itself a strict rule. 45 minutes of every hour you work on large projects, the main work and important things. The remaining 15 minutes, that is a quarter devote razgrebaniya such trifles. And as soon as the timer strikes 15 minutes - complete read or write the last line and return to the main job. No concessions, in 45 minutes you will start from the point where you left off.
This method is well dock with by one and a half hours, as at all times strictly rationed. Then the graph will look like this: 45 minutes of exercise, 15 minutes of details, 30 minutes of exercise, rest for 10-15 minutes, 15 minutes of exercise, 15 minutes of details, 45 minutes of exercise, 15 minutes of trivia, 10-15 minutes of rest. Then repeat.
5. The method of deleting
This method is good for those who prokrastiniruet because of their own desire to be a perfectionist and do everything perfectly. To make it happen, you have to sweat. At first, you need to write all the many things that you are going to do for the day. Even the most banal and trite. Even those that you do on the machine.
Then an iron hand go over the list and cross out all the cases in which you do not need to be concentrated tomorrow. Let them still can be read (so better use the old-fashioned pen and paper, not the application, where they disappear permanently or swim in a different folder).
Then collect all the power in his fist - and cross off another business.
Hand on heart - not all things that seem urgent, need to perform exactly as paramount. With some you can wait, while others simply do not require an extraordinary degree of importance and a large number of forces.
Since you already have erased many points (even if obvious), then strike out on will be much easier. Leave items as small as possible. If you want, align with the method of the "Big Three", but in fact important things may be a little more.
We perform this trick several times. Once accustomed - will not have to write all the tedious list of routines, because the hand and the brain will learn to quickly recognize the less important things. In this case, the list will be much shorter. And do not think that things crossed out - the ones that you're not going to perform. Chances are, you will make them, too, that's because they are in front of you on paper, even if it crossed out. Only qualms about unfilled jobs will not be and, therefore, the next day you will have more energy and motivation for new achievements. You can less fuss and rush, relax deeply, and it almost magically allows you to do more things than when you feel the need for a heavy pressure and a rigid framework.